Background: In patients with Crohn’s disease (CD), luminal disease activity paralleled by perianal fistulas may seriously impair health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Health utility values are not available from patients with CD that reflect the health loss associated with both luminal and perianal CD. Objective: To generate utilities for luminal and concomitant perianal fistulising CD health states directly from patients and from members of the general public. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken enrolling CD patients and a convenience sample of members of the general population. Respondents were asked to evaluate four common CD heath states [severe luminal disease (sCD), mild luminal disease (mCD), severe luminal disease with active perianal fistulas (sPFCD), and mild luminal disease with active perianal fistulas (mPFCD)] by 10-year time trade-off (TTO). In addition, patients assessed their current HRQoL by the TTO method. Results: Responses of 206 patients (40.8% with perianal fistulas) and 221 members of the general population were analysed. Mean ± SD utilities among patients for sPFCD, sCD, mPFCD and mCD states were 0.69 ± 0.33, 0.73 ± 0.31, 0.80 ± 0.29 and 0.87 ± 0.26. Corresponding values in the general public were: 0.59 ± 0.31, 0.65 ± 0.29, 0.80 ± 0.26 and 0.88 ± 0.25. Patients with active perianal fistulas, previous non-resection surgeries, and higher pain intensity scores valued their current health as worse (p < 0.05). Conclusions: TTO is a feasible method to assess HRQoL in patients with perianal fistulising disease, often not captured by health status questionnaires. Utilities from this study are intended to support the optimization of treatment-related decision making in patients with luminal disease paralleled by active perianal fistulas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
- Health Policy