Cancer-associated myositis differs from primary myositis in many aspects. Prognosis and life-expectancy are determined by the underlying malignancy. Therefore, patient-specific examinations for detection of an underlying cancer are important in the management of patients. Recent clinical findings and new possibilities in immunoserological testing may result in the elaboration of an evidence-based recommendation for cancer screening programs in patients with IIM in the future.
ASJC Scopus subject areas