Paracrine transactivation of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor by AT1 angiotensin and other Gq/11 protein-coupled receptors

Gábor Turu, Péter Várnal, Pál Gyombolai, László Szidonya, Lásló Offertaler, György Bagdy, George Kunos, László Hunyady

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Intracellular signaling systems of G protein-coupled receptors are well established, but their role in paracrine regulation of adjacent cells is generally considered as a tissue-specific mechanism. We have shown previously that AT1 receptor (AT1R) stimulation leads to diacylglycerol lipase-mediated transactivation of co-expressed CB1Rs in Chinese hamster ovary cells. In the present study we detected a paracrine effect of the endocannabinoid release from Chinese hamster ovary, COS7, and HEK293 cells during the stimulation of AT1 angiotensin receptors by determining CB1 cannabinoid receptor activity with bioluminescence resonance energy transfer-based sensors of G protein activation expressed in separate cells. The angiotensin II-induced, paracrine activation of CB1 receptors was visualized by detecting translocation of green fluorescent protein-tagged β-arrestin2. Mass spectrometry analyses have demonstrated angiotensin II-induced stimulation of 2-arachidonoylglycerol production, whereas no increase of anandamide levels was observed. Stimulation of Gq/11-coupledM1, M3, M5 muscarinic, V1 vasopressin, α1a adrenergic, B2 bradykinin receptors, but not Gi/o-coupledM2 andM4 muscarinic receptors, also led to paracrine transactivation of CB1 receptors. These data suggest that, in addition to their retrograde neurotransmitter role, endocannabinoids have much broader paracrine mediator functions during activation of Gq/11-coupled receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16914-16921
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - jún. 19 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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