PACAP Application Improves Functional Outcome of Chronic Retinal Ischemic Injury in Rats-Evidence From Electroretinographic Measurements

Bese Danyadi, K. Szabadfi, D. Reglodi, Agoston Mihalik, Tibor Danyadi, Z. Kovács, Istvan Batai, A. Tamás, P. Kiss, G. Tóth, R. Gábriel

Research output: Article

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Retinoprotective effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) are well-known and have been demonstrated in various pathological conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy, excitotoxic retinal injury, UV light-induced degeneration, and ischemic retinal lesion. The neuronal degeneration observed in the different retinal layers under the above pathological conditions can be successfully decreased by PACAP; however, whether this morphological improvement is also reflected in functional amelioration remains unknown. Therefore, our purpose was to investigate the protective effect of PACAP on the rat retina after bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) with electroretinography (ERG) to parallel the functional data with the previous morphological and neurochemical observations. Control eyes received saline treatment while PACAP was injected into the vitreous space of the other eye immediately after the induction of ischemia. Retinal damage and protective effects of PACAP were quantified by the changes in the wave forms and amplitudes. On postoperative days 2 and 14, several parameters were assessed with special attention to the changes of b wave. The results confirm that the previously described morphological protection induced by PACAP treatment is reflected in functional improvement in ischemic retinal lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-299
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide
Wounds and Injuries
Electroretinography
Retinal Degeneration
Common Carotid Artery
Diabetic Retinopathy
Ultraviolet Rays
Retina
Ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "PACAP Application Improves Functional Outcome of Chronic Retinal Ischemic Injury in Rats-Evidence From Electroretinographic Measurements",
abstract = "Retinoprotective effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) are well-known and have been demonstrated in various pathological conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy, excitotoxic retinal injury, UV light-induced degeneration, and ischemic retinal lesion. The neuronal degeneration observed in the different retinal layers under the above pathological conditions can be successfully decreased by PACAP; however, whether this morphological improvement is also reflected in functional amelioration remains unknown. Therefore, our purpose was to investigate the protective effect of PACAP on the rat retina after bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) with electroretinography (ERG) to parallel the functional data with the previous morphological and neurochemical observations. Control eyes received saline treatment while PACAP was injected into the vitreous space of the other eye immediately after the induction of ischemia. Retinal damage and protective effects of PACAP were quantified by the changes in the wave forms and amplitudes. On postoperative days 2 and 14, several parameters were assessed with special attention to the changes of b wave. The results confirm that the previously described morphological protection induced by PACAP treatment is reflected in functional improvement in ischemic retinal lesions.",
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author = "Bese Danyadi and K. Szabadfi and D. Reglodi and Agoston Mihalik and Tibor Danyadi and Z. Kov{\'a}cs and Istvan Batai and A. Tam{\'a}s and P. Kiss and G. T{\'o}th and R. G{\'a}briel",
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AU - Danyadi, Bese

AU - Szabadfi, K.

AU - Reglodi, D.

AU - Mihalik, Agoston

AU - Danyadi, Tibor

AU - Kovács, Z.

AU - Batai, Istvan

AU - Tamás, A.

AU - Kiss, P.

AU - Tóth, G.

AU - Gábriel, R.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Retinoprotective effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) are well-known and have been demonstrated in various pathological conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy, excitotoxic retinal injury, UV light-induced degeneration, and ischemic retinal lesion. The neuronal degeneration observed in the different retinal layers under the above pathological conditions can be successfully decreased by PACAP; however, whether this morphological improvement is also reflected in functional amelioration remains unknown. Therefore, our purpose was to investigate the protective effect of PACAP on the rat retina after bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) with electroretinography (ERG) to parallel the functional data with the previous morphological and neurochemical observations. Control eyes received saline treatment while PACAP was injected into the vitreous space of the other eye immediately after the induction of ischemia. Retinal damage and protective effects of PACAP were quantified by the changes in the wave forms and amplitudes. On postoperative days 2 and 14, several parameters were assessed with special attention to the changes of b wave. The results confirm that the previously described morphological protection induced by PACAP treatment is reflected in functional improvement in ischemic retinal lesions.

AB - Retinoprotective effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) are well-known and have been demonstrated in various pathological conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy, excitotoxic retinal injury, UV light-induced degeneration, and ischemic retinal lesion. The neuronal degeneration observed in the different retinal layers under the above pathological conditions can be successfully decreased by PACAP; however, whether this morphological improvement is also reflected in functional amelioration remains unknown. Therefore, our purpose was to investigate the protective effect of PACAP on the rat retina after bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) with electroretinography (ERG) to parallel the functional data with the previous morphological and neurochemical observations. Control eyes received saline treatment while PACAP was injected into the vitreous space of the other eye immediately after the induction of ischemia. Retinal damage and protective effects of PACAP were quantified by the changes in the wave forms and amplitudes. On postoperative days 2 and 14, several parameters were assessed with special attention to the changes of b wave. The results confirm that the previously described morphological protection induced by PACAP treatment is reflected in functional improvement in ischemic retinal lesions.

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