Origin of mafic and ultramafic cumulates from the Ditrău Alkaline Massif, Romania

Elemér Pál-Molnár, Anikó Batki, Eniko Almási, Balázs Kiss, Brian G.J. Upton, Gregor Markl, Nicholas Odling, Szabolcs Harangi

Research output: Article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mafic-ultramafic cumulates enclosed in gabbroic-dioritic rocks form part of the Mesozoic Ditrău Alkaline Massif in the Eastern Carpathians, Romania. The poikilitic olivine- and pyroxene-rich and nearly mono mineralic hornblendite rocks display typical cumulate textures with early crystallised olivine (Fo75-73), diopside and augite. In the early stages of their genesis the amphibole was intercumulus whilst in later stages it acquired cumulus status as the fractionating magma evolved. Using major and trace element compositions of minerals and whole-rock samples the origin of these cumulates is determined and the parental magma composition and depth of emplacement are calculated.Cumulus clinopyroxene has more primitive composition than intercumulus amphibole suggesting closed system fractionation for the evolution of poikilitic olivine- and pyroxene-rich cumulates. The evolution of the amphibole-rich mesocumulates is more clearly the result of closed system crystallisation dominated by the precipitation of clinopyroxene and amphibole cumulus crystals.Lamprophyre dykes of the Ditrău Alkaline Massif are proposed to reflect multiple basanitic parental magma batches from which the cumulus olivine and clinopyroxene crystallised. Relative to these dykes the calculated equilibrium melts for intercumulus amphibole in the cumulates was more primitive whilst that for the cumulus amphibole was more evolved. The calculated crystallisation temperature and pressure of ~ 1000-1050. °C and ~ 0.7. GPa, based on the composition of the amphiboles, indicate crystallisation at lower crustal depths. Rare earth element compositions are consistent with an intra-plate tectonic setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalLITHOS
Volume239
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - dec. 15 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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    Pál-Molnár, E., Batki, A., Almási, E., Kiss, B., Upton, B. G. J., Markl, G., Odling, N., & Harangi, S. (2015). Origin of mafic and ultramafic cumulates from the Ditrău Alkaline Massif, Romania. LITHOS, 239, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2015.09.022