Origin of Anomalous Xe-H in Presolar Diamonds: Indications of a "cold" r-process

Karl Ludwig Kratz, Khalil Farouqi, Ulrich Ott

Research output: Conference article

1 Citation (Scopus)


We report on a concerted effort aimed at understanding the nucleosynthesis origin of Xe-H in presolar nanodiamonds. Previously explored possible explanations have included a secondary neutron-burst process occurring in the He-shell of a type II supernova (SN), as well as a rapid separation, between unstable precursor isobars of a primary r-process, and stable Xe isotopes. Here we present results from the investigation of a rapid neutron-capture scenario in core-collapse SNe with different non-standard r-process variants. Our calculations are performed in the framework of the high-entropy-wind (HEW) scenario using updated nuclear-physics input. We explore the consequences of varying the wind expansion velocity (Vexp) for selected electron fractions (Ye) with their correlated entropy ranges (S), and neutron-freezeout temperatures (T9(freeze)) and timescales (x r(freeze). We draw several conclusions: For Xe-H a "cold" r-process with a fast freezeout seems to be the favored scenario. Furthermore, eliminating the low-S range (i.e. the "weak" r-process component) and maintaining a pure "main" or even "strong" r-process leads to an optimum overall agreement with the measured iXe/136Xe abundance ratios. Our results can provide valuable additional insight into overall astrophysical conditions of producing the r-process part of the total SS heavy elements in explosive nucleosynthesis scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of Science
Publication statusPublished - dec. 1 2012
Event12th International Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2012 - Cairns, QLD, Australia
Duration: aug. 5 2012aug. 12 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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