Starting from a general Hamiltonian of pair-coupled anharmonic oscillators and using the concept of local normal cordinates, a unified dynamical theory of structural phase transitions is proposed. By making use of the variational procedure, the model pseudospin - phonon Hamiltonian, describing the statistical order-disorder, the tunnelling and the phonon vibrations of active atoms is formulated. The qualitative and the detailed numerical analysis show that the structural phase transition can be either of the order-disorder, or of the displacive or of the mixed type, depending on both the reduced lattice coupling strength and the zero-point vibrational energy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics