Egyéves követéses vizsgálat stroke után: Megvalósíthatósági elocombining double acute accenttanulmány a Budapesti Józsefvárosban

Ildikó Szocs, Szabolcs Szatmári, Klára Fekete, Károly Orbán-Kis, Ildikó Vastagh, András Folyovich, András Ajtay, Dániel Bereczki

Research output: Review article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stroke is a major public health issue in Hungary with considerable regional differences in mortality. We have limited information to explain such regional differences. To assess these differences, we would need comparative follow-up studies optimally carried out by personal contact with the patient or the carer. According to several epidemiological studies, follow-up can be carried out with significantly lower cost and similar efficiency by telephone contact or regular mail. In this pilot study we intend to assess: 1. the efficacy of telephone follow-up one year after stroke in this geographical region 2. whether the efficacy of follow-up can be further increased with questionnaires sent out by regular mail 3. whether telephone and mail-based assessment is sufficient to perform a larger population based study. We included 135 patients hospitalized consecutively for acute cerebrovascular disease (stroke or TIA) by the Department of Neurology, Semmelweis University in January and February of 2008. Based on residence, patients were divided into three groups: those living in the least wealthy district of Budapest (i.e. District-8); those living in other districts of the city; and those living in suburban areas. One year after the hospital treatment follow-up was possible by telephone in 76%. Further 12 patients could be contacted by questionnaire sent out by regular mail. Efficacy of follow-up was altogether 84%. Even in this small group of patients, we have found a tendency for more severe strokes (p=0.06) and higher acute case fatality (32% vs. 5%, p=0.029) in residents of District-8 of Budapest compared to those residing in more wealthy districts of the city and in suburban areas. Survival rate one year after stroke or TIA was only 39% in those living in District-8, 66% in those living in other districts and 75% in suburban dwellers (p=0.006). Telephone and mail-based questionnaires are insufficient for follow-up in these regions even when applied in combination. These preliminary data raise the possibility that the socio-economical conditions might influence stroke severity and outcome in the population. A larger study to address this issue would require more accurate definition of patient-groups and more efficient follow-up methods.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalIdeggyogyaszati szemle
Volume65
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - márc. 30 2012

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Keywords

  • Follow-up
  • Microregional differences
  • Outcome
  • Severity
  • Socio-economic status
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Szocs, I., Szatmári, S., Fekete, K., Orbán-Kis, K., Vastagh, I., Folyovich, A., Ajtay, A., & Bereczki, D. (2012). Egyéves követéses vizsgálat stroke után: Megvalósíthatósági elocombining double acute accenttanulmány a Budapesti Józsefvárosban. Ideggyogyaszati szemle, 65(3-4), 107-112.