The stress-strain dependence of dry networks at unidirectional extension and compression is studied. The phenomenological van der Waals equation of state is compared with different molecular models in order to provide an interpretation of the van der Waals corrections. It is shown that the stress-strain behavior predicted by the phantom, Langevin, and constrained junction fluctuation models are altogether covered by the van der Waals approach. The relationship between the suppression of junction fluctuation parameter introduced by Dossin and Graessley and the van der Waals corrections has been worked out. The effect of junction functionality on the small strain modulus as well as on the second Mooney-Rivlin coefficient is also presented.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry