Nutritional solutions to reduce risks of negative health impacts of air pollution

Szabolcs Péter, Fernando Holguin, Lisa G. Wood, Jane E. Clougherty, Daniel Raederstorff, Magda Antal, Peter Weber, Manfred Eggersdorfer

Research output: Article

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Air pollution worldwide has been associated with cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality, particularly in urban settings with elevated concentrations of primary pollutants. Air pollution is a very complex mixture of primary and secondary gases and particles, and its potential to cause harm can depend on multiple factors—including physical and chemical characteristics of pollutants, which varies with fine-scale location (e.g., by proximity to local emission sources)—as well as local meteorology, topography, and population susceptibility. It has been hypothesized that the intake of anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory nutrients may ameliorate various respiratory and cardiovascular effects of air pollution through reductions in oxidative stress and inflammation. To date, several studies have suggested that some harmful effects of air pollution may be modified by intake of essential micronutrients (such as B vitamins, and vitamins C, D, and E) and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Here, we review the existing literature related to the potential for nutrition to modify the health impacts of air pollution, and offer a framework for examining these interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10398-10416
Number of pages19
JournalNutrients
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - dec. 10 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Péter, S., Holguin, F., Wood, L. G., Clougherty, J. E., Raederstorff, D., Antal, M., Weber, P., & Eggersdorfer, M. (2015). Nutritional solutions to reduce risks of negative health impacts of air pollution. Nutrients, 7(12), 10398-10416. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7125539