The existence of nonuniversal, as well as surface (universal) critical behavior near a defect plane is demonstrated on a one-dimensional quantum lattice gas model, belonging to the two-dimensional Ising universality class. According to numerical results the weak defect region is attracted by a line of fixed points starting at the bulk critical point, while the strong defect region is controlled by a separate fixed point describing the surface transition of the model. This new kind of phase diagram is argued to be general for two-dimensional lattice gas models.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics