The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of pleasant and unpleasant gustatory stimuli on nonlinear and linear complexity measures of the EEG in healthy controls and in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. The subjects were exposed to unpleasant (bitter tea) and pleasant (chocolate) gustatory stimuli for 2 min. Multichannel EEG was recorded and the dimensional complexity (point-correlation dimension) and Omega complexity were calculated from the EEG epochs corresponding to the above taste conditions. In AN patients lower-dimensional complexity was observed in the majority of recording sites than that seen in controls, independent of taste conditions. Higher Omega complexity was seen in control subjects in the left side irrespective of taste effects. No such hemispheric difference was observed in AN. The lower-dimensional complexity seen in AN patients may be caused by long-lasting effects of malnutrition. The lack of a significant Omega complexity change in response to exposure of sweet taste in the left side seen in AN patients may correspond to a decreased sensitivity to such stimuli in these subjects.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Physiology (medical)