A 2-es típusú cukorbetegség és a metabolikus szindróma nem gyógyszeres kezelése

Research output: Review article

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome are important risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Both diseases present with a similar set of metabolic disturbances including hyperglycaemia, hyperlipidaemia, hypertension and obesity. Therefore, their non-pharmacological treatment is based on similar principles. Medical nutritional therapy aims to promote moderate weight loss through decreased energy intake, and to correct metabolic disturbances by ensuring appropriate composition of micro- and macronutrients. In a healthy diet, carbohydrates and cis-fatty acids make up approximately 60 to 70% of total energy intake. It is important to reduce the intake of saturated fatty acids and trans-fatty acids. The consumption of foods with low glycaemic index may be beneficial for diabetic patients. The increase of physical activity (both aerob and resistance exercise) is useful in maintaining weight loss, and it also improves blood lipid levels and blood pressure. Abandonment of smoking results in significant cardiovascular risk reduction. Lifestyle changes should include all of the above factors in order to achieve most reduction in morbidity and mortality associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome.

Translated title of the contributionNon-pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)543-550
Number of pages8
JournalLege Artis Medicinae
Volume16
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - jún. 1 2006

Keywords

  • Lifestyle treatment
  • Medical nutritional therapy
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Physical activity
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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