Competitive hydrogenations of eight binary mixtures of ethyl pyruvate (EP), methyl benzoylformate (MBF), ketopantolactone (KPL), pyruvic aldehyde dimethyl acetal (PA) and trifluoroacetophenone (TFAP) on platinum/alumina catalysts unmodified (racemic hydrogenation) and modified by cinchonidine (chiral hydrogenation) were studied under the experimental conditions of the Orito reaction. Reaction rates of chiral and racemic hydrogenations were determined and relative adsorption coefficients were calculated. In the competitive chiral hydrogenation of EP + MBF, EP + TFAP and KPL + MBF binary mixtures a new phenomenon was observed: namely the EP and KPL are hydrogenated faster than MBF and TFAP, whereas in racemic one the MBF and TFAP are hydrogenated faster than EP or KPL. Effects of the activated ketones structure on their reactivity and the stability of the surface complexes are discussed. It was found that differences in rate enhancement are caused by the differences both in the adsorptivity and in the reactivity of adsorbed substrates and adsorbed intermediate complexes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology