Neonatal tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine treatment reduces the spike-wave discharge activity of the adult WAG/Rij rat

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Abstract

Recently it was revealed that the absence-like epileptic activity of the WAG/Rij (Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk) rat is associated with depression-like behavioural symptoms. Whether these depressive-like symptoms are accompanying epileptic activity (manifested in spike-wave discharges, SWDs, in the EEG) or whether they are causative for each other are open questions. Neonatally administered tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine is a well characterized animal model of major depression. It evokes behavioural symptoms of depression and changes sleep pattern in normal adult rats. We investigated whether in the WAG/Rij rat the neonatally administered clomipramine would aggravate the depression-like behavioural symptoms and the SWD activity. Male WAG/Rij pups from postnatal day 8 (PD8) to PD21 were treated with clomipramine (20. mg/kg) or saline (control animals) twice daily intraperitoneally (i.p.). In the 8 months old rats, sleep parameters and sucrose solution intake (as hedonic index) as well as the SWD activity were measured. While the neonatal clomipramine treatment significantly increased the rapid eye movement sleep (REM) amount and decreased the sucrose preference score, it surprisingly attenuated the adult (8 months old) SWD activity. We concluded that neonatal clomipramine treatment produced aggravation of depression-like symptoms while decreased the SWD activity in the adult (8 months old) WAG/Rij rat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume89
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - nov. 1 2012

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Clomipramine
Tricyclic Antidepressive Agents
Depression
Behavioral Symptoms
Sleep
Sucrose
Therapeutics
Pleasure
REM Sleep
Electroencephalography
Animal Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Neonatal tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine treatment reduces the spike-wave discharge activity of the adult WAG/Rij rat",
abstract = "Recently it was revealed that the absence-like epileptic activity of the WAG/Rij (Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk) rat is associated with depression-like behavioural symptoms. Whether these depressive-like symptoms are accompanying epileptic activity (manifested in spike-wave discharges, SWDs, in the EEG) or whether they are causative for each other are open questions. Neonatally administered tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine is a well characterized animal model of major depression. It evokes behavioural symptoms of depression and changes sleep pattern in normal adult rats. We investigated whether in the WAG/Rij rat the neonatally administered clomipramine would aggravate the depression-like behavioural symptoms and the SWD activity. Male WAG/Rij pups from postnatal day 8 (PD8) to PD21 were treated with clomipramine (20. mg/kg) or saline (control animals) twice daily intraperitoneally (i.p.). In the 8 months old rats, sleep parameters and sucrose solution intake (as hedonic index) as well as the SWD activity were measured. While the neonatal clomipramine treatment significantly increased the rapid eye movement sleep (REM) amount and decreased the sucrose preference score, it surprisingly attenuated the adult (8 months old) SWD activity. We concluded that neonatal clomipramine treatment produced aggravation of depression-like symptoms while decreased the SWD activity in the adult (8 months old) WAG/Rij rat.",
keywords = "Absence-like epilepsy, Neonatal clomipramine treatment, WAG/Rij rats",
author = "Zsolt Kov{\'a}cs and Andr{\'a}s Czurk{\'o} and K{\'e}kesi, {Katalin A.} and G{\'a}bor Juh{\'a}sz",
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T1 - Neonatal tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine treatment reduces the spike-wave discharge activity of the adult WAG/Rij rat

AU - Kovács, Zsolt

AU - Czurkó, András

AU - Kékesi, Katalin A.

AU - Juhász, Gábor

PY - 2012/11/1

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N2 - Recently it was revealed that the absence-like epileptic activity of the WAG/Rij (Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk) rat is associated with depression-like behavioural symptoms. Whether these depressive-like symptoms are accompanying epileptic activity (manifested in spike-wave discharges, SWDs, in the EEG) or whether they are causative for each other are open questions. Neonatally administered tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine is a well characterized animal model of major depression. It evokes behavioural symptoms of depression and changes sleep pattern in normal adult rats. We investigated whether in the WAG/Rij rat the neonatally administered clomipramine would aggravate the depression-like behavioural symptoms and the SWD activity. Male WAG/Rij pups from postnatal day 8 (PD8) to PD21 were treated with clomipramine (20. mg/kg) or saline (control animals) twice daily intraperitoneally (i.p.). In the 8 months old rats, sleep parameters and sucrose solution intake (as hedonic index) as well as the SWD activity were measured. While the neonatal clomipramine treatment significantly increased the rapid eye movement sleep (REM) amount and decreased the sucrose preference score, it surprisingly attenuated the adult (8 months old) SWD activity. We concluded that neonatal clomipramine treatment produced aggravation of depression-like symptoms while decreased the SWD activity in the adult (8 months old) WAG/Rij rat.

AB - Recently it was revealed that the absence-like epileptic activity of the WAG/Rij (Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk) rat is associated with depression-like behavioural symptoms. Whether these depressive-like symptoms are accompanying epileptic activity (manifested in spike-wave discharges, SWDs, in the EEG) or whether they are causative for each other are open questions. Neonatally administered tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine is a well characterized animal model of major depression. It evokes behavioural symptoms of depression and changes sleep pattern in normal adult rats. We investigated whether in the WAG/Rij rat the neonatally administered clomipramine would aggravate the depression-like behavioural symptoms and the SWD activity. Male WAG/Rij pups from postnatal day 8 (PD8) to PD21 were treated with clomipramine (20. mg/kg) or saline (control animals) twice daily intraperitoneally (i.p.). In the 8 months old rats, sleep parameters and sucrose solution intake (as hedonic index) as well as the SWD activity were measured. While the neonatal clomipramine treatment significantly increased the rapid eye movement sleep (REM) amount and decreased the sucrose preference score, it surprisingly attenuated the adult (8 months old) SWD activity. We concluded that neonatal clomipramine treatment produced aggravation of depression-like symptoms while decreased the SWD activity in the adult (8 months old) WAG/Rij rat.

KW - Absence-like epilepsy

KW - Neonatal clomipramine treatment

KW - WAG/Rij rats

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