Octanoyl and palmitoyl groups were coupled to the N-terminus of an analog of the SV40 nuclear localization signal peptide, SV126-133(Ser128), to study the effect of the fatty acid chain length on the complex formation with a single-stranded antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) and on the cellular uptake of the complex. The strongest binding affinity was observed for the palmitoylated peptide, indicating the better accessibility of the positively charged lysyl and arginyl side-chains to the phosphate groups due to the turn structures stabilized by the palmitoyl group. On increase of the peptide to ODN molar ratio (rM), gradual unstacking of the bases was observed, the maximal rate being reached at rM = 10. At rM > 10 restacking of the nucleotide bases was detected and the ODN was completely encapsulated in a liposome-like structure made up of palmitoylated peptides. Cell translocation experiments revealed a highly efficient cell transport of the ODN by palmitoylated SV40 peptide at rM > 10.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology