N-terminal acylation of the SV40 nuclear localization signal peptide enhances its oligonucleotide binding and membrane translocation efficiencies

Ilona Laczkó, György Váró, Sándor Bottka, Zoltán Bálint, Eszter Illyés, Elemér Vass, Jean Remy Bertrand, Claude Malvy, Miklós Hollósi

Research output: Article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Octanoyl and palmitoyl groups were coupled to the N-terminus of an analog of the SV40 nuclear localization signal peptide, SV126-133(Ser128), to study the effect of the fatty acid chain length on the complex formation with a single-stranded antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) and on the cellular uptake of the complex. The strongest binding affinity was observed for the palmitoylated peptide, indicating the better accessibility of the positively charged lysyl and arginyl side-chains to the phosphate groups due to the turn structures stabilized by the palmitoyl group. On increase of the peptide to ODN molar ratio (rM), gradual unstacking of the bases was observed, the maximal rate being reached at rM = 10. At rM > 10 restacking of the nucleotide bases was detected and the ODN was completely encapsulated in a liposome-like structure made up of palmitoylated peptides. Cell translocation experiments revealed a highly efficient cell transport of the ODN by palmitoylated SV40 peptide at rM > 10.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-154
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume454
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - okt. 15 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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