Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease and dendritic cells (DCs) play crucial role in the development of skin inflammation. Although the characteristics of skin DCs in psoriasis are well defined, less is known about their peripheral blood precursors. Our aim was to characterize the phenotypic features as well as the cytokine and chemokine production of CD1c+ myeloid DCs (mDCs) and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) in the blood samples of psoriatic patients. Blood DCs were isolated by using a magnetic separation kit, and their intracytoplasmic cytokine production and CD83/CD86 maturation/activation marker expression were investigated by 8-colour flow cytometry. In CD1c+ mDCs the intracellular productions of Th1, Th2, Th17, Th22 and Treg polarizing cytokines were examined simultaneously, whereas in pDCs the amounts of IFNα as well as IL-12, IL-23 and IL-6 were investigated. The chemokine production of both DC populations was investigated by flow-cytometry and ELISA. According to our results psoriatic CD1c+ mDCs were in a premature state since their CD83/CD86 maturation/activation marker expression, IL-12 cytokine, CXCL9 and CCL20 chemokine production was significantly higher compared to control cells. On the other hand, blood pDCs neither produced any of the investigated cytokines and chemokines nor expressed CD83/CD86 maturation/activation markers. Our results indicate that in psoriasis not only skin but also blood mDCs perform Th1 polarizing and Th1/Th17 recruiting capacity, while pDCs function only in the skin milieu.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy