Multiple S100 protein isoforms and C-terminal phosphorylation contribute to the paralog-selective regulation of nonmuscle myosin 2 filaments

Péter Ecsédi, Neil Billington, Gyula Pálfy, Gergo Gógl, Bence Kiss, Éva Bulyáki, Andrea Bodor, James R. Sellers, X. László Nyitray

Research output: Article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonmuscle myosin 2 (NM2) has three paralogs in mammals, NM2A, NM2B, and NM2C, which have both unique and overlapping functions in cell migration, formation of cell– cell adhesions, and cell polarity. Their assembly into homo- and heterotypic bipolar filaments in living cells is primarily regulated by phosphorylation of the N-terminally bound regulatory light chain. Here, we present evidence that the equilibrium between these filaments and single NM2A and NM2B molecules can be controlled via S100 calcium-binding protein interactions and phosphorylation at the C-terminal end of the heavy chains. Furthermore, we show that in addition to S100A4, other members of the S100 family can also mediate disassembly of homotypic NM2A filaments. Importantly, these proteins can selectively remove NM2A molecules from heterotypic filaments. We also found that tail phosphorylation (at Ser-1956 and Ser-1975) of NM2B by casein kinase 2, as well as phosphomimetic substitutions at sites targeted by protein kinase C (PKC) and transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 7 (TRPM7), down-regulates filament assembly in an additive fashion. Tail phosphorylation of NM2A had a comparatively minor effect on filament stability. S100 binding and tail phosphorylation therefore preferentially disassemble NM2A and NM2B, respectively. These two distinct mechanisms are likely to contribute to the temporal and spatial sorting of the two NM2 paralogs within heterotypic filaments. The existence of multiple NM2A-depolymerizing S100 paralogs offers the potential for diverse regulatory inputs modulating NM2A filament disassembly in cells and provides functional redundancy under both physiological and pathological conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14850-14867
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume293
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 21 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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