Monitoring the level of complement components during autologous blood stem cell transplantation in patients with malignant lymphomas

Aniko Banyai, Lilian Varga, Aniko Barta, Laszlo Gopcsa, Katalin Paloczi

Research output: Article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the complement functions, the serum levels of the complement components C3 and C4, and circulating immune complexes during autologous blood stem cell transplantation. Seventeen lymphoma patients receiving transplants between 1997 and 2001 were involved in this study. High-dose chemotherapy with or without total body irradiation was used for conditioning. The transplantation resulted in complete remission without complications in 14 patients. Early relapse developed in one case and two nonrelapsed patients suffered from serious toxic infection early posttransplant. Normal values of CH50, C3, C4, and immune complexes in sera of patients were detected on day -7, before the conditioning (day of transplantation was determined as day 0). After the conditioning, on day -2, the levels of the CH50, C3, and C4 decreased significantly (p < 0.05) in all patients compared with the starting values. The CH50, C3, and C4 levels exceeded the starting values in the noninfected patients from day +7. In two patients suffering from toxic infection, significantly elevated complement levels were documented early posttransplant. In the relapsed patient a significant decrease of the complement parameters was documented posttransplant accompanied by a significant elevation in the immune complex level. The results show alteration in the complement parameters during transplantation, but in the complication-free cases this remained within the normal ranges. However, an unusual elevation seemed to be the sign of infection, and the significant decrease seemed to indicate a relapse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-839
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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