Molecular Gas Properties in the Host Galaxy of GRB 080207

Bunyo Hatsukade, Tetsuya Hashimoto, Kotaro Kohno, Kouichiro Nakanishi, Kouji Ohta, Yuu Niino, Yoichi Tamura, L. Viktor Tóth

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4 Citations (Scopus)


We present the results of CO(1-0) and CO(4-3) observations of the host galaxy of a long-duration gamma-ray burst GRB 080207 at z = 2.0858 by using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array and the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array. The host is detected in CO(1-0) and CO(4-3), becoming the first case for a gamma-ray burst (GRB) host with more than two CO transitions detected combined with CO(2-1) and CO(3-2) in the literature. Adopting a metallicity-dependent CO-to-H2 conversion factor, we derive a molecular gas mass of M gas = 8.7 × 1010 M o, which places the host in a sequence of normal star-forming galaxies in an M gas-star formation rate (SFR) plane. A modified blackbody fit to the far-infrared-millimeter photometry results in a dust temperature of 37 K and a dust mass of M dust = 1.5 × 108 M o. The spatially resolved CO(4-3) observations allow us to examine the kinematics of the host. The CO velocity field shows a clear rotation and is reproduced by a rotation-dominated disk model with a rotation velocity of 350 km s-1 and a half-light radius of 2.4 kpc. The CO spectral line energy distribution derived from the four CO transitions is similar to that of starburst galaxies, suggesting a high excitation condition. Comparison of molecular gas properties between the host and normal (main-sequence) galaxies at similar redshifts shows that they share common properties such as gas mass fraction, gas depletion timescale, gas-to-dust ratio, location in the M gas-SFR (or surface density) relation, and kinematics, suggesting that long-duration GRBs can occur in normal star-forming environments at z ∼ 2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number91
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - máj. 10 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Hatsukade, B., Hashimoto, T., Kohno, K., Nakanishi, K., Ohta, K., Niino, Y., Tamura, Y., & Tóth, L. V. (2019). Molecular Gas Properties in the Host Galaxy of GRB 080207. Astrophysical Journal, 876(2), [91].