Modulatory effects of inosine, guanosine and uridine on lipopolysaccharide-evoked increase in spike-wave discharge activity in Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk rats

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Abstract

We showed previously that the number of spike-wave discharges (SWDs) was increased after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), inosine (Ino) and muscimol alone whereas i.p. guanosine (Guo), uridine (Urd), bicuculline, theophylline and (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo(a,d)cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) alone decreased the SWD number in Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk (WAG/Rij) rats. These drugs may exert their effects on absence epileptic activity mainly via proinflammatory cytokines-evoked increase in cortical excitability (such as LPS), GABAergic system (LPS, Ino, Urd, muscimol and bicuculline), glutamatergic system (LPS, Guo and MK-801) and adenosinergic system (LPS, Ino, Guo, Urd and theophylline). Both GABAergic system and glutamatergic system are involved in the pathomechanism of absence epilepsy, the LPS-evoked increase in absence epileptic activity and the pro- or antiepileptic effects of non-adenosine (non-Ado) nucleosides Ino, Guo and Urd. Moreover, Ino, Guo and Urd have modulatory effects on inflammatory processes. Thus, we investigated whether Ino, Guo and Urd have also modulatory influence on LPS-evoked increase in SWD number using two different concentrations of each nucleoside in WAG/Rij rats. We demonstrated that Ino dose-dependently aggravated whereas Guo and Urd attenuated the LPS-evoked increase in SWD number. Our results suggest that different nucleosides have diverse effects on LPS-induced changes in absence epileptic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-57
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 1 2015

Fingerprint

Inosine
Guanosine
Uridine
Lipopolysaccharides
Nucleosides
Muscimol
Dizocilpine Maleate
Bicuculline
Theophylline
Absence Epilepsy
Imines
Intraperitoneal Injections
Anticonvulsants
Cytokines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

@article{694d514a806f40caab54c3071cc59257,
title = "Modulatory effects of inosine, guanosine and uridine on lipopolysaccharide-evoked increase in spike-wave discharge activity in Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk rats",
abstract = "We showed previously that the number of spike-wave discharges (SWDs) was increased after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), inosine (Ino) and muscimol alone whereas i.p. guanosine (Guo), uridine (Urd), bicuculline, theophylline and (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo(a,d)cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) alone decreased the SWD number in Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk (WAG/Rij) rats. These drugs may exert their effects on absence epileptic activity mainly via proinflammatory cytokines-evoked increase in cortical excitability (such as LPS), GABAergic system (LPS, Ino, Urd, muscimol and bicuculline), glutamatergic system (LPS, Guo and MK-801) and adenosinergic system (LPS, Ino, Guo, Urd and theophylline). Both GABAergic system and glutamatergic system are involved in the pathomechanism of absence epilepsy, the LPS-evoked increase in absence epileptic activity and the pro- or antiepileptic effects of non-adenosine (non-Ado) nucleosides Ino, Guo and Urd. Moreover, Ino, Guo and Urd have modulatory effects on inflammatory processes. Thus, we investigated whether Ino, Guo and Urd have also modulatory influence on LPS-evoked increase in SWD number using two different concentrations of each nucleoside in WAG/Rij rats. We demonstrated that Ino dose-dependently aggravated whereas Guo and Urd attenuated the LPS-evoked increase in SWD number. Our results suggest that different nucleosides have diverse effects on LPS-induced changes in absence epileptic activity.",
keywords = "Absence epilepsy, Guanosine, Inosine, LPS, Uridine, WAG/Rij rats",
author = "Z. Kov{\'a}cs and K. K{\'e}kesi and G. Juh{\'a}sz and A. Dobolyi",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
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doi = "10.1016/j.brainresbull.2015.09.003",
language = "English",
volume = "118",
pages = "46--57",
journal = "Brain Research Bulletin",
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T1 - Modulatory effects of inosine, guanosine and uridine on lipopolysaccharide-evoked increase in spike-wave discharge activity in Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk rats

AU - Kovács, Z.

AU - Kékesi, K.

AU - Juhász, G.

AU - Dobolyi, A.

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - We showed previously that the number of spike-wave discharges (SWDs) was increased after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), inosine (Ino) and muscimol alone whereas i.p. guanosine (Guo), uridine (Urd), bicuculline, theophylline and (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo(a,d)cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) alone decreased the SWD number in Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk (WAG/Rij) rats. These drugs may exert their effects on absence epileptic activity mainly via proinflammatory cytokines-evoked increase in cortical excitability (such as LPS), GABAergic system (LPS, Ino, Urd, muscimol and bicuculline), glutamatergic system (LPS, Guo and MK-801) and adenosinergic system (LPS, Ino, Guo, Urd and theophylline). Both GABAergic system and glutamatergic system are involved in the pathomechanism of absence epilepsy, the LPS-evoked increase in absence epileptic activity and the pro- or antiepileptic effects of non-adenosine (non-Ado) nucleosides Ino, Guo and Urd. Moreover, Ino, Guo and Urd have modulatory effects on inflammatory processes. Thus, we investigated whether Ino, Guo and Urd have also modulatory influence on LPS-evoked increase in SWD number using two different concentrations of each nucleoside in WAG/Rij rats. We demonstrated that Ino dose-dependently aggravated whereas Guo and Urd attenuated the LPS-evoked increase in SWD number. Our results suggest that different nucleosides have diverse effects on LPS-induced changes in absence epileptic activity.

AB - We showed previously that the number of spike-wave discharges (SWDs) was increased after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), inosine (Ino) and muscimol alone whereas i.p. guanosine (Guo), uridine (Urd), bicuculline, theophylline and (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo(a,d)cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) alone decreased the SWD number in Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk (WAG/Rij) rats. These drugs may exert their effects on absence epileptic activity mainly via proinflammatory cytokines-evoked increase in cortical excitability (such as LPS), GABAergic system (LPS, Ino, Urd, muscimol and bicuculline), glutamatergic system (LPS, Guo and MK-801) and adenosinergic system (LPS, Ino, Guo, Urd and theophylline). Both GABAergic system and glutamatergic system are involved in the pathomechanism of absence epilepsy, the LPS-evoked increase in absence epileptic activity and the pro- or antiepileptic effects of non-adenosine (non-Ado) nucleosides Ino, Guo and Urd. Moreover, Ino, Guo and Urd have modulatory effects on inflammatory processes. Thus, we investigated whether Ino, Guo and Urd have also modulatory influence on LPS-evoked increase in SWD number using two different concentrations of each nucleoside in WAG/Rij rats. We demonstrated that Ino dose-dependently aggravated whereas Guo and Urd attenuated the LPS-evoked increase in SWD number. Our results suggest that different nucleosides have diverse effects on LPS-induced changes in absence epileptic activity.

KW - Absence epilepsy

KW - Guanosine

KW - Inosine

KW - LPS

KW - Uridine

KW - WAG/Rij rats

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