Modeling air inclusions in high performance objective lenses

Zs Nagy, P. Koppa, Gy Nádudvari, E. Dirix, P. Richter

Research output: Conference article

3 Citations (Scopus)


Performances of high quality imaging systems are often affected by surface or glass defects, like scratches, bubbles or other localized disturbances. The goal of the present investigation is the modeling of air inclusions in the lens material and analyzing the resulting changes in the wavefront distortion and in the diffraction spot quality. CD and DVD focusing objectives are especially sensitive to this type of defect, since the size of the diffraction spot and the power-density distribution determines the quality of both the written pits and received signal. We used OSLO and ZEMAX optical design software to model these errors. This model includes the DVD objective lens and the disc. The objective lens is a plano-convex lens made of glass with an aspheric layer on its convex side. Bubbles are incorporated as ball-shaped air inclusions. The computations are based on ray tracing and physical optics propagation methods. From these computations we can calculate the intensity distribution in the focal spot and the encircled energy in the Airy disk. These calculations help us determine the tolerances of DVD objective lenses to air inclusions in function of the bubble size, shape and position. The practical application of the model will allow us to redefine the quality criteria for the used DVD lenses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-709
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - máj. 3 2004
EventOptical Design and Engineering - St. Etienne, France
Duration: szept. 30 2003okt. 3 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modeling air inclusions in high performance objective lenses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this