The mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs) and the ribosomal repeat unit (ribosomal DNA, rDNA) of black Aspergillus isolates collected in various parts of the world were examined. Wide-ranging mtDNA variation was observed in natural populations of the Aspergillus niger aggregate. Most isolates were classifiable as A. niger or Aspergillus tubingensis according to their rDNA and mtDNA patterns. The mtDNA variation was distributed unevenly in the populations studied. The mtDNAs of most of the isolates collected in Australia were of the A. tubingensis type, with an unexpectedly high degree of variation, while the rDNA of these isolates exhibited the same A. tubingensis pattern as that of isolates from other locations. Some other local populations displayed very little polymorphism in their mtDNA and rDNA. Hybridization experiments in which cloned A. niger and Aspergillus nidulans mtDNA fragments were used revealed that the two main mtDNA groups corresponding to A. niger and A. tubingensis are more distantly related than concluded earlier. Six of the 13 Brazilian isolates examined exhibited mtDNA and rDNA types different from those of all the other strains and could not be classified into the above species. Classical taxonomic examination of these strains is in progress.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology