Mg II h&k line diagnostics of IM Pegasi

K. Oláh, D. Marik, E. R. Houdebine, R. C. Dempsey, E. Budding

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Abstract

We have analysed the Mg II h&k resonance lines of IM Peg (KII-III) on 14 high resolution IUE LWR spectra and compared the results coming from visual spectroscopic and UBV(RI) C photometric data. The 'clean' spectra (free from interstellar absorption) were modelled using a convolution of the rotational profile with a Gaussian profile, that represents macroturbulence and broadenings of other origin, the former dominating. Significant variations in the h&k line fluxes and widths were found throughout the orbital phase range. A line broadening effect is found at maximum spot visibility both in the k and h lines. The Mg II line widths increase linearly with the flux of the transition region lines as a function of rotational phase. Anticorrelations as a function of phase were found between the Mg II line fluxes and the higher temperature lines. The k line is broader than the h line, correlated with a slope greater than unity, in keeping with a greater radiation transfer effect in the k line, and a non-optically thin medium at all phases. We observe a systematic asymmetry in the ratio of the h to k line profiles at all phases. The spectral diagnostics thus suggest the appearance of a plage region on the stellar disc. We obtained new orbital elements of the IM Peg system, deriving a small, but non-zero eccentricity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-568
Number of pages10
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume330
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - febr. 10 1998

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Oláh, K., Marik, D., Houdebine, E. R., Dempsey, R. C., & Budding, E. (1998). Mg II h&k line diagnostics of IM Pegasi. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 330(2), 559-568.