Meiotic progression, mitochondrial features and fertilisation characteristics of porcine oocytes with different G6PDH activities

István Egerszegi, Hannelore Alm, József Rátky, Bassiouni Heleil, Klaus Peter Brüssow, Helmut Torner

Research output: Article

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the developmental competence, mitochondrial characteristics and chromatin status of immature follicular porcine oocytes selected for their glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) activity by brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) staining. In Experiment 1, the oocyte parameters were determined in parallel right after BCB staining (T 0), after 22 h of in vitro maturation (IVM) (T22) and after 44 h of IVM (T44) (n=496). BCB-stained oocytes (BCB+) at T 0 were characterised by fibrillated chromatin filaments in their germinal vesicles (GV) and diakinesis stages whereas unstained (BCB-) oocytes at T0 contained in their GV mainly condensed stages of chromatin (P <0.05). After 22 h of IVM BCB+ oocytes showed a prominent chromatin configuration of metaphase I and after 44 h the majority developed a M II nuclear configuration in contrast to the BCB- group (P <0.0001). Differences were also observed between the two oocyte populations in their mitochondrial activity (P <0.05). At the beginning of IVM BCB+ oocytes were characterised by high mitochondrial activity in their cytoplasm. The BCB+ oocytes showed clear visible homogenous distributions of mitochondria (P <0.005) and contained more aggregated clusters of mitochondria in contrast to BCB- oocytes (P <0.005). In Experiment 2, 318 oocytes were tested for their G6PDH activity and introduced to IVM and IVF. Only oocytes from the BCB+ group, which were matured after 44 h up to the stage of M II (81.6%) were fertilised (17.4%), penetrated (46%) or activated (15.6%) after IVF. These results indicate a relationship between the G6PDH activity of porcine oocytes before IVM and their subsequent nuclear development, mitochondrial activity and aggregation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)830-838
Number of pages9
JournalReproduction, Fertility and Development
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - máj. 10 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Developmental Biology

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