Mechanisms of vascular adaptation to long-term orthostatic gravitational loading.

E. Monos, M. Lorant, E. Fehér

Research output: Article

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Frequent symptoms and serious complaints related to orthostatic intolerance are among the important reasons for investigating the long-term control mechanisms of blood vessels especially those of veins. Previously we studied perfused and superfused saphenous vein segments from rats maintained in head-up tilt position for two weeks. It was found that passive lumen capacity and acute pressure induced myogenic response of these vessels increased substantially without measurable change in wall thickness. Sympathetic component of the smooth muscle cell membrane potential determined in vivo was also significantly enhanced in this vein, but no such change was seen in the saphenous artery and in the brachial vessels. In a separate study, rarefaction of microvessels was found in the hind limb oxydative muscles after two-week tilting, while muscular water content was unaltered. These results suggest that long-term gravitational loading may induce adaptive rearrangement of the blood vessel functions. The aim of the present study was to quantitate and compare the density of nerve fiber terminals as well as their synaptic vesicle population in the wall of saphenous vein and artery from tilted rats to those obtained from rats which were maintained in horizontal, control position. It was hypothetized that adaptation of blood vessels to long-term gravitational loading might include also a morphological restructuring of the vascular adrenergic innervation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology
Volume4
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Blood Vessels
Saphenous Vein
Veins
Orthostatic Intolerance
Brachial Artery
Synaptic Vesicles
Microvessels
Nerve Fibers
Adrenergic Agents
Membrane Potentials
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Extremities
Arteries
Head
Cell Membrane
Pressure
Muscles
Water
Population

Cite this

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title = "Mechanisms of vascular adaptation to long-term orthostatic gravitational loading.",
abstract = "Frequent symptoms and serious complaints related to orthostatic intolerance are among the important reasons for investigating the long-term control mechanisms of blood vessels especially those of veins. Previously we studied perfused and superfused saphenous vein segments from rats maintained in head-up tilt position for two weeks. It was found that passive lumen capacity and acute pressure induced myogenic response of these vessels increased substantially without measurable change in wall thickness. Sympathetic component of the smooth muscle cell membrane potential determined in vivo was also significantly enhanced in this vein, but no such change was seen in the saphenous artery and in the brachial vessels. In a separate study, rarefaction of microvessels was found in the hind limb oxydative muscles after two-week tilting, while muscular water content was unaltered. These results suggest that long-term gravitational loading may induce adaptive rearrangement of the blood vessel functions. The aim of the present study was to quantitate and compare the density of nerve fiber terminals as well as their synaptic vesicle population in the wall of saphenous vein and artery from tilted rats to those obtained from rats which were maintained in horizontal, control position. It was hypothetized that adaptation of blood vessels to long-term gravitational loading might include also a morphological restructuring of the vascular adrenergic innervation.",
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AU - Lorant, M.

AU - Fehér, E.

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N2 - Frequent symptoms and serious complaints related to orthostatic intolerance are among the important reasons for investigating the long-term control mechanisms of blood vessels especially those of veins. Previously we studied perfused and superfused saphenous vein segments from rats maintained in head-up tilt position for two weeks. It was found that passive lumen capacity and acute pressure induced myogenic response of these vessels increased substantially without measurable change in wall thickness. Sympathetic component of the smooth muscle cell membrane potential determined in vivo was also significantly enhanced in this vein, but no such change was seen in the saphenous artery and in the brachial vessels. In a separate study, rarefaction of microvessels was found in the hind limb oxydative muscles after two-week tilting, while muscular water content was unaltered. These results suggest that long-term gravitational loading may induce adaptive rearrangement of the blood vessel functions. The aim of the present study was to quantitate and compare the density of nerve fiber terminals as well as their synaptic vesicle population in the wall of saphenous vein and artery from tilted rats to those obtained from rats which were maintained in horizontal, control position. It was hypothetized that adaptation of blood vessels to long-term gravitational loading might include also a morphological restructuring of the vascular adrenergic innervation.

AB - Frequent symptoms and serious complaints related to orthostatic intolerance are among the important reasons for investigating the long-term control mechanisms of blood vessels especially those of veins. Previously we studied perfused and superfused saphenous vein segments from rats maintained in head-up tilt position for two weeks. It was found that passive lumen capacity and acute pressure induced myogenic response of these vessels increased substantially without measurable change in wall thickness. Sympathetic component of the smooth muscle cell membrane potential determined in vivo was also significantly enhanced in this vein, but no such change was seen in the saphenous artery and in the brachial vessels. In a separate study, rarefaction of microvessels was found in the hind limb oxydative muscles after two-week tilting, while muscular water content was unaltered. These results suggest that long-term gravitational loading may induce adaptive rearrangement of the blood vessel functions. The aim of the present study was to quantitate and compare the density of nerve fiber terminals as well as their synaptic vesicle population in the wall of saphenous vein and artery from tilted rats to those obtained from rats which were maintained in horizontal, control position. It was hypothetized that adaptation of blood vessels to long-term gravitational loading might include also a morphological restructuring of the vascular adrenergic innervation.

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