Mechanical strain increases expression of the brain natriuretic peptide gene in rat cardiac myocytes

Faquan Liang, Jianming Wu, Miklos Garami, David G. Gardner

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69 Citations (Scopus)


Using a device that applies cyclical strain (1 Hz) to ventricular cardiocytes cultured on collagen-coated silicone elastomer surfaces, we have demonstrated strain-dependent increases in brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) secretion, BNP mRNA levels, and expression of a transiently transfected - 1595 human BNP-luciferase reporter. When actinomycin D (10 μM) was introduced concomitantly with the strain stimulus, the strain-induced increase in BNP mRNA was eliminated, and the decay of transcripts was identical in the control and strained cells, indicating the lack of independent effects on transcript stability. Strain-dependent -1595 human BNP-luciferase activity was completely inhibited by chelerythrine, 2- aminopurine, genistein, and W-7 and only partially or not at all by KN-62, wortmannin, and H-89. The effects of these individual agents paralleled their effects on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity, but not c-Jun N- terminal kinase (JNK) activity, in the cells. Overexpression of wild-type MAPK and, to a lesser extent, JNK increased strain-dependent BNP promoter activity, whereas dominant-negative mutants of MAPK kinase, JNK kinase, or Ras completely blocked strain-dependent reporter activity. These findings provide the first demonstration that mechanical strain can increase myocardial gene expression through a transcriptional mechanism and suggest important roles for MAPK and JNK in mediating this effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28050-28056
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - okt. 31 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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