Sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) cultivars native to Hungary and some of them grown worldwide, display great phenotypic variability. Eleven sour cherry cultivars were analysed for their main quality attributes including fruit weight, soluble solid content, acidity, pH, specific sugars (glucose and fructose), antioxidant capacity as well as total polyphenolic (TPC), total anthocyanin (TMAC) and vitamin C contents. Results showed wide variation in both fruit quality and antioxidant parameters of Hungarian sour cherries. The anthocyanin contents varied from 11.3 to 93.5 mg/100 g. An amarelle-type cultivar, 'Pipacs 1' showed the highest antioxidant capacity (21.85 mmol AA L-1), TPC (49.04 mg GA L-1) and vitamin C (8.98 mg/100 g) content. Key enzymes in anthocyanin biosynthesis were expressed in both yellow-coloured flesh and red skin of 'Pipacs 1' fruits at all ripening stages. The detected diversity presents a choice that can satisfy different consumer preferences, and meet specific nutritional requirements.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Food Science and Technology|
|Publication status||Published - febr. 1 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering