Low temperature injury in peach and nectarine cultivars

Z. Szabó, J. Nyéki, I. Szél, A. Pedryc, L. Szalay

Research output: Chapter

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Winter hardy and late blooming peach and nectarine varieties can be grown successfully in Hungary. In some years even the most hardy varieties can be damaged by low temperatures. Thirty fresh market type-peach, 4 processing clingstone peach and 26 nectarine varieties were tested in Szatymaz, Southern Hungary, in an important peach growing area. In 1995, 2 to 5 days prior to blooming -7°C caused 8% (Cresthaven) to 97% (Regina) damage to ballon stage flowers. In the winter of 1996/97 the temperature dropped to -20°C, causing 9% (Lacika féle) to 89 % (Armking) of flower buds to be damaged. In April 1997, in the first days of blooming 7% (Cresthaven) to 97% (Domiziana) of the flowers were damaged by -5°C. There was a correlation between the rate of damage and the start of flowering. In case of early blooming cultivars the rate of damage was higher not only in the flowering period but in winter as well, compared to late blooming cultivars. The yield was determined not only by frost damage, but by density of flower buds and by fruit set. The density of flower buds varied between 0,22 pcs/cm (Maria Luisa) and 1,10 pcs/cm (Armking). Fruit set of open pollinated flowers ranged from 22% (Cresthaven) to 84% (Primerose). Based on the characteristics studied the best varieties were selected for growing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
Pages399-404
Number of pages6
Volume465
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume465
ISSN (Print)05677572

Fingerprint

nectarines
peaches
buds
cultivars
flowers
Hungary
fruit set
winter
temperature
frost injury
flowering
fresh market

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Szabó, Z., Nyéki, J., Szél, I., Pedryc, A., & Szalay, L. (1998). Low temperature injury in peach and nectarine cultivars. In Acta Horticulturae (Vol. 465, pp. 399-404). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 465).

Low temperature injury in peach and nectarine cultivars. / Szabó, Z.; Nyéki, J.; Szél, I.; Pedryc, A.; Szalay, L.

Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 465 1998. p. 399-404 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 465).

Research output: Chapter

Szabó, Z, Nyéki, J, Szél, I, Pedryc, A & Szalay, L 1998, Low temperature injury in peach and nectarine cultivars. in Acta Horticulturae. vol. 465, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 465, pp. 399-404.
Szabó Z, Nyéki J, Szél I, Pedryc A, Szalay L. Low temperature injury in peach and nectarine cultivars. In Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 465. 1998. p. 399-404. (Acta Horticulturae).
Szabó, Z. ; Nyéki, J. ; Szél, I. ; Pedryc, A. ; Szalay, L. / Low temperature injury in peach and nectarine cultivars. Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 465 1998. pp. 399-404 (Acta Horticulturae).
@inbook{9c858e6453c3404b92184a132d5b5b33,
title = "Low temperature injury in peach and nectarine cultivars",
abstract = "Winter hardy and late blooming peach and nectarine varieties can be grown successfully in Hungary. In some years even the most hardy varieties can be damaged by low temperatures. Thirty fresh market type-peach, 4 processing clingstone peach and 26 nectarine varieties were tested in Szatymaz, Southern Hungary, in an important peach growing area. In 1995, 2 to 5 days prior to blooming -7°C caused 8{\%} (Cresthaven) to 97{\%} (Regina) damage to ballon stage flowers. In the winter of 1996/97 the temperature dropped to -20°C, causing 9{\%} (Lacika f{\'e}le) to 89 {\%} (Armking) of flower buds to be damaged. In April 1997, in the first days of blooming 7{\%} (Cresthaven) to 97{\%} (Domiziana) of the flowers were damaged by -5°C. There was a correlation between the rate of damage and the start of flowering. In case of early blooming cultivars the rate of damage was higher not only in the flowering period but in winter as well, compared to late blooming cultivars. The yield was determined not only by frost damage, but by density of flower buds and by fruit set. The density of flower buds varied between 0,22 pcs/cm (Maria Luisa) and 1,10 pcs/cm (Armking). Fruit set of open pollinated flowers ranged from 22{\%} (Cresthaven) to 84{\%} (Primerose). Based on the characteristics studied the best varieties were selected for growing.",
keywords = "Flower bud density, Flowering, Open pollination, Prunus persica, Winter hardiness",
author = "Z. Szab{\'o} and J. Ny{\'e}ki and I. Sz{\'e}l and A. Pedryc and L. Szalay",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789066058309",
volume = "465",
series = "Acta Horticulturae",
pages = "399--404",
booktitle = "Acta Horticulturae",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Low temperature injury in peach and nectarine cultivars

AU - Szabó, Z.

AU - Nyéki, J.

AU - Szél, I.

AU - Pedryc, A.

AU - Szalay, L.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Winter hardy and late blooming peach and nectarine varieties can be grown successfully in Hungary. In some years even the most hardy varieties can be damaged by low temperatures. Thirty fresh market type-peach, 4 processing clingstone peach and 26 nectarine varieties were tested in Szatymaz, Southern Hungary, in an important peach growing area. In 1995, 2 to 5 days prior to blooming -7°C caused 8% (Cresthaven) to 97% (Regina) damage to ballon stage flowers. In the winter of 1996/97 the temperature dropped to -20°C, causing 9% (Lacika féle) to 89 % (Armking) of flower buds to be damaged. In April 1997, in the first days of blooming 7% (Cresthaven) to 97% (Domiziana) of the flowers were damaged by -5°C. There was a correlation between the rate of damage and the start of flowering. In case of early blooming cultivars the rate of damage was higher not only in the flowering period but in winter as well, compared to late blooming cultivars. The yield was determined not only by frost damage, but by density of flower buds and by fruit set. The density of flower buds varied between 0,22 pcs/cm (Maria Luisa) and 1,10 pcs/cm (Armking). Fruit set of open pollinated flowers ranged from 22% (Cresthaven) to 84% (Primerose). Based on the characteristics studied the best varieties were selected for growing.

AB - Winter hardy and late blooming peach and nectarine varieties can be grown successfully in Hungary. In some years even the most hardy varieties can be damaged by low temperatures. Thirty fresh market type-peach, 4 processing clingstone peach and 26 nectarine varieties were tested in Szatymaz, Southern Hungary, in an important peach growing area. In 1995, 2 to 5 days prior to blooming -7°C caused 8% (Cresthaven) to 97% (Regina) damage to ballon stage flowers. In the winter of 1996/97 the temperature dropped to -20°C, causing 9% (Lacika féle) to 89 % (Armking) of flower buds to be damaged. In April 1997, in the first days of blooming 7% (Cresthaven) to 97% (Domiziana) of the flowers were damaged by -5°C. There was a correlation between the rate of damage and the start of flowering. In case of early blooming cultivars the rate of damage was higher not only in the flowering period but in winter as well, compared to late blooming cultivars. The yield was determined not only by frost damage, but by density of flower buds and by fruit set. The density of flower buds varied between 0,22 pcs/cm (Maria Luisa) and 1,10 pcs/cm (Armking). Fruit set of open pollinated flowers ranged from 22% (Cresthaven) to 84% (Primerose). Based on the characteristics studied the best varieties were selected for growing.

KW - Flower bud density

KW - Flowering

KW - Open pollination

KW - Prunus persica

KW - Winter hardiness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=52449099857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=52449099857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9789066058309

VL - 465

T3 - Acta Horticulturae

SP - 399

EP - 404

BT - Acta Horticulturae

ER -