Local and systemic responses of antioxidants to tobacco mosaic virus infection and to salicylic acid in tobacco

Role in systemic acquired resistance

Research output: Article

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Changes in ascorbate and glutathione levels and in activities of ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were investigated in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-inoculated lower leaves and in noninoculated upper leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Xanthi-nc. In separate experiments the effects of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) were also studied. Symptom appearance after TMV inoculation was preceded by a slight, transient decline of ascorbate peroxidase, GR, GST, and SOD activities in the inoculated lower leaves, but after the onset of necrosis these activities and the glutathione level substantially increased. Ascorbic acid level and DHAR activity declined and dehydroascorbate accumulated in the inoculated leaves. In upper leaves, the glutathione level and the activities of GR, GST, and SOD increased 10 to 14 d after TMV inoculation of the lower leaves, concomitantly with the development of systemic acquired resistance. From the six distinct SOD isoenzymes found in tobacco leaves, only the activities of Cu,Zn-SOD isoenzymes were affected by TMV. SA injection induced DHAR, GR, GST, and SOD activities. Catalase activities were not modified by TMV infection or SA treatment. It is supposed that stimulated antioxidative processes contribute to the suppression of necrotic symptom development in leaves with systemic acquired resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1443-1451
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Physiology
Volume114
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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Tobacco Mosaic Virus
systemic acquired resistance
Tobacco mosaic virus
Salicylic Acid
glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate)
Virus Diseases
salicylic acid
Glutathione Reductase
Superoxide Dismutase
Tobacco
Glutathione Transferase
tobacco
Antioxidants
superoxide dismutase
antioxidants
glutathione-disulfide reductase
glutathione transferase
Ascorbate Peroxidases
Glutathione
infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Local and systemic responses of antioxidants to tobacco mosaic virus infection and to salicylic acid in tobacco: Role in systemic acquired resistance",
abstract = "Changes in ascorbate and glutathione levels and in activities of ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were investigated in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-inoculated lower leaves and in noninoculated upper leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Xanthi-nc. In separate experiments the effects of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) were also studied. Symptom appearance after TMV inoculation was preceded by a slight, transient decline of ascorbate peroxidase, GR, GST, and SOD activities in the inoculated lower leaves, but after the onset of necrosis these activities and the glutathione level substantially increased. Ascorbic acid level and DHAR activity declined and dehydroascorbate accumulated in the inoculated leaves. In upper leaves, the glutathione level and the activities of GR, GST, and SOD increased 10 to 14 d after TMV inoculation of the lower leaves, concomitantly with the development of systemic acquired resistance. From the six distinct SOD isoenzymes found in tobacco leaves, only the activities of Cu,Zn-SOD isoenzymes were affected by TMV. SA injection induced DHAR, GR, GST, and SOD activities. Catalase activities were not modified by TMV infection or SA treatment. It is supposed that stimulated antioxidative processes contribute to the suppression of necrotic symptom development in leaves with systemic acquired resistance.",
author = "J. Fodor and G. Gullner and A. {\'A}d{\'a}m and B. Barna and T. Kőm{\'i}ves and Z. Kir{\'a}ly",
year = "1997",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "1443--1451",
journal = "Plant Physiology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Local and systemic responses of antioxidants to tobacco mosaic virus infection and to salicylic acid in tobacco

T2 - Role in systemic acquired resistance

AU - Fodor, J.

AU - Gullner, G.

AU - Ádám, A.

AU - Barna, B.

AU - Kőmíves, T.

AU - Király, Z.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Changes in ascorbate and glutathione levels and in activities of ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were investigated in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-inoculated lower leaves and in noninoculated upper leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Xanthi-nc. In separate experiments the effects of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) were also studied. Symptom appearance after TMV inoculation was preceded by a slight, transient decline of ascorbate peroxidase, GR, GST, and SOD activities in the inoculated lower leaves, but after the onset of necrosis these activities and the glutathione level substantially increased. Ascorbic acid level and DHAR activity declined and dehydroascorbate accumulated in the inoculated leaves. In upper leaves, the glutathione level and the activities of GR, GST, and SOD increased 10 to 14 d after TMV inoculation of the lower leaves, concomitantly with the development of systemic acquired resistance. From the six distinct SOD isoenzymes found in tobacco leaves, only the activities of Cu,Zn-SOD isoenzymes were affected by TMV. SA injection induced DHAR, GR, GST, and SOD activities. Catalase activities were not modified by TMV infection or SA treatment. It is supposed that stimulated antioxidative processes contribute to the suppression of necrotic symptom development in leaves with systemic acquired resistance.

AB - Changes in ascorbate and glutathione levels and in activities of ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were investigated in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-inoculated lower leaves and in noninoculated upper leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Xanthi-nc. In separate experiments the effects of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) were also studied. Symptom appearance after TMV inoculation was preceded by a slight, transient decline of ascorbate peroxidase, GR, GST, and SOD activities in the inoculated lower leaves, but after the onset of necrosis these activities and the glutathione level substantially increased. Ascorbic acid level and DHAR activity declined and dehydroascorbate accumulated in the inoculated leaves. In upper leaves, the glutathione level and the activities of GR, GST, and SOD increased 10 to 14 d after TMV inoculation of the lower leaves, concomitantly with the development of systemic acquired resistance. From the six distinct SOD isoenzymes found in tobacco leaves, only the activities of Cu,Zn-SOD isoenzymes were affected by TMV. SA injection induced DHAR, GR, GST, and SOD activities. Catalase activities were not modified by TMV infection or SA treatment. It is supposed that stimulated antioxidative processes contribute to the suppression of necrotic symptom development in leaves with systemic acquired resistance.

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