Lipoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic and linoleic acids modulate the adhesion of tumor cells to endothelium via regulation of protein kinase C

Bin Liu, Jozsef Timar, James Howlett, Clement A. Diglio, Kenneth V. Honn

Research output: Article

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12[S]-HETE) and 13(S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13[S]-HODE), lipoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid and linoleic acid, respectively, previously have been suggested to regulate tumor cell adhesion to endothelium during metastasis. Adhesion of rat Walker carcinosarcoma (W256) cells to a rat endothelial cell monolayer was enhanced after treatment with 12(S)-HETE and this 12(S)-HETE enhanced adhesion was blocked by 13(S)-HODE. Protein kinase inhibitors, staurosporine, calphostin C, and 1-(5-isoquinoline-sulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine, inhibited the 12(S)-HETE enhanced W256 cell adhesion. Depleting W256 cells of protein kinase C (PKC) with phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate abolished their ability to respond to 12(S)-HETE. Treatment of W256 cells with 12(S)-HETE induced a 100% increase in membrane-associated PKC activity whereas 13(S)-HODE inhibited the effect of 12(S)-HETE on PKC translocation. High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis revealed that in W256 cells 12-HETE and 13-HODE were two of the major lipoxygenase metabilites of arachidonic acid and linoleic acid, respectively. Therefore, these two metabolites may provide an alternative signaling pathway for the regulation of PKC. Further, these findings suggest that the regulation of tumor cell adhesion to endothelium by 12(S)-HETE and 13(S)-HODE may be a PKC-dependent process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1055
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume2
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - dec. 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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