Laparoscopic splenectomy is a safe method in cases of extremely large spleens

Áron Nyilas, Attila Paszt, Zsolt Simonka, Szabolcs Ábrahám, Bernadett Borda, Eszter Mán, György Lázár

Research output: Review article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess if there is a relationship between the outcome of laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) procedures and the size of the spleen, the learning curve, or the method of specimen retrieval. Patients and Methods: Between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2013, 70 LS procedures were performed at our department. Based on the weight of the removed spleen, patients were divided into three groups: Group 1, <350'g (n=32); Group 2, 350-1000'g (n=15); and Group 3, >1000'g (n=7). The role of the learning curve was also analyzed with the first 20 surgeries considered as the learning period. The specimen was retrieved with morcellation through the lateral port site in 54 cases, whereas in 11 cases, the large spleen was retrieved through a Pfannenstiel incision. Results: The mean duration of surgery was 122 minutes. When considered by spleen weight, durations for Groups 1-3 were 117, 128, and 134 minutes, respectively. When considered by the learning curve, durations for learning and later periods were 149 and 111 minutes, respectively (P=.002). After the learning period, larger spleens were removed (208 versus 519 g; P=.02), and there were fewer conversions. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 5.1 days. In the 11 cases where the specimen was retrieved through a Pfannenstiel incision, the mean duration of surgery was 108 minutes, and the mean spleen weight was 1032'g. Conclusions: Our study supports that the proposal that LS is safe and has numerous advantages, even in the case of massive splenomegaly. Our results were mainly affected by the spleen size and the learning curve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-216
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - márc. 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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