Immunocytochemical localization and sorting properties of a newly purified 41-kDa protein (MsM41) were investigated in an insect, the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta. The protein purified from midgut homogenates of feeding fifth-stadium larvae was found exclusively in this tissue on Western blots. Presence of MsM41 protein was indicated in both anterior and posterior regions of the midgut during the whole fifth stadium. However, in the posterior region an additional 39-kDa protein was also detected during the feeding period of the last larval stage. Upon light-microscopic examination immunoreactivity was localized in the columnar cells, while the goblet, endocrine and regenerative cells remained unlabeled. Distribution of the label during the feeding period was different in the anterior and posterior regions. In the anterior region immunoreactivity was localized only to the brush border membrane of columnar cells, while in the posterior region some cytoplasmic structures identified as large trans-Golgi vesicles, endoplasmic reticulum and small secretory vesicles were also labeled. Large, apical extrusions remained immunonegative. In vitro translation confirmed that our protein was expressed only in the posterior region of the midgut. The primary translation product was a 39-kDa protein. Putative post-translational modifications yielded the 41-kDa form, which was then secreted apically. Its presence in the region of the anterior part microvilli was probably due to the countercurrent flux of the ectoperitrophic fluid.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology