We examined local and systemic antiinflammatory consequences of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in a rat model of limb ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) by characterizing the leukocyte-endothelial interactions in the periosteum and the expression of adhesion molecules playing a role in leukocyte-mediated inflammatory processes. IPC induction (2 cycles of 10 min of complete limb ischemia and 10 min of reperfusion) was followed by 60 min of ischemia/180 min of reperfusion or sham-operation. Data were compared with those on animals subjected to I-R and sham-operation. Neutrophil leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions (intravital videomicroscopy), intravascular neutrophil activation (CD11b expression changes by flow cytometry), and soluble and tissue intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1; ELISA and immunohistochemistry, respectively) expressions were assessed. I-R induced enhanced leukocyte rolling and adherence in the periosteal postcapillary venules after 120 and 180 min of reperfusion. This was associated with a significantly enhanced CD11b expression (by ∼80% and 72%, respectively) and moderately increased soluble and periosteal ICAM-1 expressions. IPC prevented the I-R-induced increases in leukocyte adherence and CD11b expression without influencing the soluble and tissue ICAM-1 levels. The results show that limb IPC exerts not only local, but distant antiinflammatory effects through significant modulation of neutrophil recruitment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine