Investigation of the limits of high-definition muography for observation of Mt Sakurajima

László Oláh, Hiroyuki K.M. Tanaka, G. Hamar, Dezső Varga

Research output: Article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A multi-wire proportional chamber-based muo- graphy observatory is under development for the monitoring of the internal structure of Mt Sakurajima in Kyushu, Japan. We investigated the limits of large-scale and high-definition muography. We adjusted the parameters of a modified Gaisser model and found that the spectral index of γ =  - 2.64 and normalization factor of C = 0.66 reproduce more accurately the measured fluxes than the original parameters at large thickness. A thickness and zenith angle-dependent correction is suggested to the measured muon flux due to the energy cut which is introduced to suppress the background particles. The multiple scattering of muons was simulated across the standard rock and sea-level atmosphere up to the distance of 5 km. We found that multiple scattering decreases from 10 mrad to 4 mrad across the rock due to the decrease in the steepness of muon spectra. The multiple scattering falls down to about 2 mrad after the object in the atmosphere due to the increase in observed arrival zenith angles. The 2 m2 sized multi-wire proportional chamber-based Muographic Observation System (MMOS) was operating between February and June 2018. Three tracking systems operated reliably with tracking efficiencies of above 95%. The muon flux has been measured correctly down to 10-3 m-2 sr-1 s-1 The average density map of Mt Sakurajima has been measured with angular resolution of 12 mrad × 12 mrad (spatial resolution of 34 m × 34 m from the distance of 2.8 km). The average density values were found between 1.4 and 2 g cm-3, except at the crater regions where lower densities were observed.This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue 'Cosmic-ray muography'.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhilosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences
Volume377
Issue number2137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - dec. 10 2018

Fingerprint

Multiple Scattering
Multiple scattering
muons
Fluxes
Atmosphere
zenith
Directly proportional
Rocks
Wire
Angle
Decrease
Cosmic rays
chambers
Cosmic Rays
scattering
Sea level
wire
Observatories
Tracking System
rocks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Investigation of the limits of high-definition muography for observation of Mt Sakurajima",
abstract = "A multi-wire proportional chamber-based muo- graphy observatory is under development for the monitoring of the internal structure of Mt Sakurajima in Kyushu, Japan. We investigated the limits of large-scale and high-definition muography. We adjusted the parameters of a modified Gaisser model and found that the spectral index of γ =  - 2.64 and normalization factor of C = 0.66 reproduce more accurately the measured fluxes than the original parameters at large thickness. A thickness and zenith angle-dependent correction is suggested to the measured muon flux due to the energy cut which is introduced to suppress the background particles. The multiple scattering of muons was simulated across the standard rock and sea-level atmosphere up to the distance of 5 km. We found that multiple scattering decreases from 10 mrad to 4 mrad across the rock due to the decrease in the steepness of muon spectra. The multiple scattering falls down to about 2 mrad after the object in the atmosphere due to the increase in observed arrival zenith angles. The 2 m2 sized multi-wire proportional chamber-based Muographic Observation System (MMOS) was operating between February and June 2018. Three tracking systems operated reliably with tracking efficiencies of above 95{\%}. The muon flux has been measured correctly down to 10-3 m-2 sr-1 s-1 The average density map of Mt Sakurajima has been measured with angular resolution of 12 mrad × 12 mrad (spatial resolution of 34 m × 34 m from the distance of 2.8 km). The average density values were found between 1.4 and 2 g cm-3, except at the crater regions where lower densities were observed.This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue 'Cosmic-ray muography'.",
keywords = "gaseous detector, multiple scattering, muography, muon, MWPC, volcanology",
author = "L{\'a}szl{\'o} Ol{\'a}h and Tanaka, {Hiroyuki K.M.} and G. Hamar and Dezső Varga",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "10",
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journal = "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences",
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T1 - Investigation of the limits of high-definition muography for observation of Mt Sakurajima

AU - Oláh, László

AU - Tanaka, Hiroyuki K.M.

AU - Hamar, G.

AU - Varga, Dezső

PY - 2018/12/10

Y1 - 2018/12/10

N2 - A multi-wire proportional chamber-based muo- graphy observatory is under development for the monitoring of the internal structure of Mt Sakurajima in Kyushu, Japan. We investigated the limits of large-scale and high-definition muography. We adjusted the parameters of a modified Gaisser model and found that the spectral index of γ =  - 2.64 and normalization factor of C = 0.66 reproduce more accurately the measured fluxes than the original parameters at large thickness. A thickness and zenith angle-dependent correction is suggested to the measured muon flux due to the energy cut which is introduced to suppress the background particles. The multiple scattering of muons was simulated across the standard rock and sea-level atmosphere up to the distance of 5 km. We found that multiple scattering decreases from 10 mrad to 4 mrad across the rock due to the decrease in the steepness of muon spectra. The multiple scattering falls down to about 2 mrad after the object in the atmosphere due to the increase in observed arrival zenith angles. The 2 m2 sized multi-wire proportional chamber-based Muographic Observation System (MMOS) was operating between February and June 2018. Three tracking systems operated reliably with tracking efficiencies of above 95%. The muon flux has been measured correctly down to 10-3 m-2 sr-1 s-1 The average density map of Mt Sakurajima has been measured with angular resolution of 12 mrad × 12 mrad (spatial resolution of 34 m × 34 m from the distance of 2.8 km). The average density values were found between 1.4 and 2 g cm-3, except at the crater regions where lower densities were observed.This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue 'Cosmic-ray muography'.

AB - A multi-wire proportional chamber-based muo- graphy observatory is under development for the monitoring of the internal structure of Mt Sakurajima in Kyushu, Japan. We investigated the limits of large-scale and high-definition muography. We adjusted the parameters of a modified Gaisser model and found that the spectral index of γ =  - 2.64 and normalization factor of C = 0.66 reproduce more accurately the measured fluxes than the original parameters at large thickness. A thickness and zenith angle-dependent correction is suggested to the measured muon flux due to the energy cut which is introduced to suppress the background particles. The multiple scattering of muons was simulated across the standard rock and sea-level atmosphere up to the distance of 5 km. We found that multiple scattering decreases from 10 mrad to 4 mrad across the rock due to the decrease in the steepness of muon spectra. The multiple scattering falls down to about 2 mrad after the object in the atmosphere due to the increase in observed arrival zenith angles. The 2 m2 sized multi-wire proportional chamber-based Muographic Observation System (MMOS) was operating between February and June 2018. Three tracking systems operated reliably with tracking efficiencies of above 95%. The muon flux has been measured correctly down to 10-3 m-2 sr-1 s-1 The average density map of Mt Sakurajima has been measured with angular resolution of 12 mrad × 12 mrad (spatial resolution of 34 m × 34 m from the distance of 2.8 km). The average density values were found between 1.4 and 2 g cm-3, except at the crater regions where lower densities were observed.This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue 'Cosmic-ray muography'.

KW - gaseous detector

KW - multiple scattering

KW - muography

KW - muon

KW - MWPC

KW - volcanology

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JO - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

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