Interleukin 6 (IL-6), a multifunctional cytokine particularly active in regulation of the acute phase response, governs the terminal maturation of B lymphocytes and participates in early activation of T cells. IL-6 levels of synovial fluids of 153 patients with different arthritides were measured by a simple sandwich enzyme immunoassay. Highest IL-6 concentrations were detected in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), particularly in those characterized by very active general symptoms and severe joint pain. High IL-6 levels were detected in patients with juvenile RA with polyarticular onset of disease and in gout. Corresponding to the suggested in vivo relevance of IL-6, dose correlation of IL-6 levels with the synovial IgM rheumatoid factor accumulation was demonstrated. The rate of the correlation between synovial IL-6 level and concentration of serum C-reactive protein in RA was inversely proportional to the dose of steroid treatment in patients with RA.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - jan. 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy