Interfacial enzyme partitioning as a tool for constructing biosensors

N. Adányi, J. Szamos, E. E. Szabó, M. Váradi

Research output: Article

Abstract

To explore new possibilities of enzyme immobilization, we investigated bioactive layers prepared by a new procedure based on three-phase partitioning (TPP) of proteins. By this method a third phase or midlayer as a protein layer can be developed at the interface of a protein system containing two phases (organic solvent/aqueous salt solution). Proteins of meat origin partitioned together with bioselective material (e.g. an enzyme) after centrifugation resulted in excellent bioactive layers. In the newly developed sensor, glucose oxidase was immobilized in a layer, which was fixed on the surface of a platinum ring electrode. The biosensor was built in a flow injection analyzer (FIA) system, where the hydrogen peroxide generated during the enzymatic reactions was determined by an amperometric cell. The parameters for biochemical and electrochemical reactions (ion concentration and pH of buffer, flow rate) were optimized. The linear range of analysis by the newly developed sensor was from 0.5 to 10 mmol I-1 glucose. The biosensor could be used for more than 300 analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-338
Number of pages10
JournalAccreditation and Quality Assurance
Volume4
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - dec. 1 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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