Although there is considerable variability of platelet reactivity among patients treated with clopidogrel, little is known about inter-individual differences and possible role of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) after prasugrel. We defined the extent of inter-patient variability, and evaluated the impact of PPI interaction in prasugrel-treated patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Between January 2010 and May 2011, 104 prospective, high-risk patients with ACS were recruited into this multicentre, prospective, observational study. Twelve to 24 hours after receiving 60 mg loading dose of prasugrel, light transmission aggregometry (LTA) and whole blood impedance aggregometry (Multiplate) were used to assess platelet activity. Platelet function measurements were repeated during maintenance phase on reduced (5 mg) or on conventional (10 mg) doses of prasugrel. High platelet reactivity (HPR) was defined according to the consensus document of the Working Group on High On-Treatment Platelet Reactivity (LTA:>46%; Multiplate:>47U). Compared to maintenance doses, 60 mg loading dose of prasugrel pro-vided significantly greater platelet reactivity inhibition (p<0.05). There were no significant differences between the conventional and reduced maintenance doses. Notably, a remarkable inter-patient variability was present in platelet reactivity after all doses of prasugrel, and the prevalence of HPR was significantly higher during the maintenance doses (p<0.05). Although median platelet reactivity values were consistently higher when prasugrel was used in combination with PPIs, these differences were not significant (p≥0.17). Despite potent platelet inhibition, inter-patient variability is present after all tested doses of prasugrel. The 60 mg loading dose is superior to conventional and reduced maintenance doses in terms of platelet reactivity inhibition and regarding the prevention of HPR.
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