Inhibition of metabolic activity of polymorphonuclear granulocytes by thyroid stimulating antibodies

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Abstract

Both thyrocytes and polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMNs) are known to have on their surface thyrotropin receptor (TSH-R). Anti-TSH-R antibodies having stimulating and blocking effects on thyroid function have been detected in sera of Graves’ patients. Thyroid stimulating anti-TSH-R antibodies (TSAb) are involved in the path-omechanism of thyrotoxicosis. The basic question is in this study whether TSAb exerts effects on metabolic activity of PMNs. Immunoglobulin G (IgGs) of 32 patients with thyrotoxicosis had significant inhibitory effect (p>0.001) on chemilumines-cence of healthy PMNs compared to controls. An inverse correlation was observed between inhibitory effect of IgGs on function of PMNs and TT4 (r=−0.61) in contrast to anti-TSH-receptors antibodies (r=0.09). TSAbs of eight hyperthyroid patients were measured by determination of cyclic AMP in suspension and slices of porcine thyroid gland. Function of human PMNs separated from healthy donors was determined by luminol-amplified chemi-luminescence. Photonemission of PMNs induced by adherence was significantly lower than that of controls. None of patients’ IgGs contained anti-PMNs antibodies or other toxic compounds. It was found an inverse correlation between chemilumi-nescence of PMNs and capability of TSAb to increase intracellular cAMP in thyroid slices and the thyroid hormone levels of patients with thyrotoxicosis (p=0.0005). In conclusion, TSH-R on PMNs did not belong to “mute” receptors and metabolic changes in PMNs induced by TSAb might have pathogenetic as well as methodological implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-469
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of endocrinological investigation
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - jún. 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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