The effect of various GnRH analogues, and their conjugates on proliferation, clonogenicity and cell cycle phase distribution of MCF-7 and Ishikawa human cancer cell lines was studied. GnRH-III, a sea lamprey GnRH analogue reduced cell proliferation by 35% and clonogenicity by 55%. Structural modifications either decreased, or did not alter biological activity. Conjugation of GnRH analogues including MI-1544, MI-1892, and GnRH-III with poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone-co-maleic acid) (P) through a tetrapeptide spacer GFLG(X) substantially increased the inhibitory effect of the GnRH analogues. The conjugate P-X-GnRH-III induced significant accumulation of cells in the G2/M phase; from 8% to 15.6% at 24 h and 9.8% to 15% at 48 h. It was concluded that conjugation of various GnRH analogues substantially enhanced their antiproliferative activity, strongly reduced cell clonogenicity and retarded cell progression through the cell division cycle at the G2/M phase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology