Ragweed allergen (RWA)-induced complement activation in sera of 40 RW allergic patients and of 40 non-allergic controls was investigated. After treatment of the sera with RWA, levels of C3a, C5a, C3bBbP, ClrClsClinh, SC5b-9 and granulocyte-aggregating activity were determined. Concentration of RW-specific IgG was also measured. After RWA treatment dose-dependent complement activation was detected in sera of RW allergic and non-allergic persons. C3a generation was observed mostly in the sera of RW allergic individuals, while levels of C3bBbP and of RW-specific IgG were significantly higher in sera of allergics, and a strong correlation was found between these two parameters. In a prospective clinical study, a significant positive correlation was observed between the extent of RWA-induced alternative pathway (AP) activation and the severity of symptoms of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis that were developed in a 4-week period subsequent to blood sampling. These observations suggest that complement activation has a role in the development of the symptoms of RW allergy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy