Purpose: To elucidate the impact of renal parenchymal loss and the ischemic reperfusion injury (RI) on the renal function after laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) under warm ischemia (WI). Methods: Thirty-five patients with a single polar renal mass ≤4 cm and normal contralateral kidney underwent LPN. Transperitoneal LPN with WI using en bloc hilar occlusion was performed. The total differential renal function (T-DRF) using 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid was evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively over a period of 1 year. A special region of interest (ROI) was selected on the non-tumorous pole of the involved kidney, and was compared with the same ROI in the contralateral kidney. The latter comparison was defined as partial differential renal function (P-DRF). Any postoperative decline in the P-DRF of the operated kidney was attributed to the RI. Subtraction of the P-DRF decline from the T-DRF decline was attributed to the parenchymal loss caused by the resection of the tumor and suturing of the normal parenchyma. Results: The mean WI time was 22 min, and the mean weight of resected specimen was 18 g. The mean postoperative eGFR declined to 87 ml/min/1.73 m2 from its baseline mean value of 97 ml/min/1.73 m2 (p value = 0.075). Mean postoperative T-DRF and P-DRF of the operated kidney declined by 7 and 3 %, respectively. Conclusions: After LPN of small renal mass, decline in renal function is primarily attributed to parenchymal loss caused by tumor resection and suturing of the normal parenchyma rather than the RI.
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