Impact of genetic influence on serum total- and free 25-hydroxyvitamin-D in humans

Balázs Szili, Boglárka Szabó, Péter Horváth, Bence Bakos, Györgyi Kirschner, János P. Kósa, Erzsébet Toldy, Zsuzsanna Putz, Péter Lakatos, Ádám Tabák, István Takács

Research output: Article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D /25OHD/ levels in humans are determined primarily by environmental factors such as UV-B radiation and diet, including vitamin D intake. Although some genetic determinants of 25OHD levels have been shown, the magnitude of this association has not yet been clarified. The present study evaluates the genetic contribution to total- /t-25OHD/ and free-25OHD /f-25OHD/ in a representative sample of the Hungarian population (n = 462). The study was performed at the end of winter to minimize the effect of sunlight, which is a major determinant of serum vitamin D levels. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of five genes playing major roles in vitamin D metabolism were investigated (NADSYN1, DHCR7, GC, CYP2R1 and CYP24A1). The selected SNPs account for 13.1% of the variance of t-25OHD levels. More than half of the genetic effect on t-25OHD levels was explained by two polymorphisms (rs7935125 in NADSYN1 and rs2762941 in CYP24A1), which had not previously been investigated with respect to vitamin D metabolism. No SNPs exhibited association with f-25OHD levels. Unexpectedly, SNPs that showed univariate associations with vitamin D binding protein (DBP) levels were not associated with f-25OHD levels questioning the biological significance of these polymorphisms. The present study shows that t-25OHD levels are significantly influenced by genetic factors, however, the clinical significance of this observation remains to be defined, as variation in f-25OHD levels are marginally explained by genetic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-67
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume183
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - okt. 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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