Sulfhemoglobinemia (SHb) is an uncommon cause of cyanosis that is predominantly drug-induced in adults. We report an unusual case of sodium sulfate-induced sulfhemoglobinemia in a 61-year-old woman after surgical polypectomy. Fractional hemoglobin derivates were assayed by spectrophotometry and high-performance liquid chromatography. The SHb ratio was 8.6% in the first sample and 3.77% a month later measured by spectrophotometry. In the blood hemolysate, a new peak was identified as SHb with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). HPLC showed the presence of 9.37% SHb in the first sample and 4.88% a month later. After removing the suspected toxic agent the cyanosis decreased significantly. The findings underline the importance of routine SHb detection in cyanosis of unknown origin especially in emergency cases.
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