We have determined the sequence of two overlapping cDNA clones encoding a portion of the human heparan sulfate proteoglycan core protein (HSPG2) from a human colon library. The cDNA clones encompassed 1.34 kb of nucleotide sequence and showed ∼85% homology to the murine heparan sulfate proteoglycan of the EHS tumor, BPG-5. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed an identity of 87% between the human and the murine species. Of the 57 different amino acids encoded in the human clones, 20 were substituted with a similar amino acid. Among the specific features that were highly conserved was the 32 cysteine residues with a distinctive repeat pattern characteristic of epidermal growth factor. Northern blotting revealed a single, ∼12 kb transcript in a variety of cells including human colon carcinoma, endothelial, and fibroblastic cells. The size of this transcript correlated with the estimated molecular weight (∼400 kDa) of the protein core precursor. Southern blot analyses of DNA from 120 human/rodent somatic cell hybrids, including subclones with specific translocations or spontaneous breaks of human chromosome 1, demonstrated the presence of HSPG2 gene on the telomeric region of the short arm of chromosome 1 (1p34-pter). Two polymorphisms with TaqI and EcoRI restriction endonucleases, respectively, were also detected. The localization of this proteoglycan locus in the human genome and the availability of new RFLPs provide the tools for future studies of human diseases where the HSPG2 proteoglycan gene is suspected to be involved.
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