Although the incidence of gastric cancer has declined in the past few decades in developed countries, it has remained one of the most frequent malignomas with high mortality. Epidemiological, clinical and basic research studies confirm the role of Helicobacter pylori in the pathogenesis of the tumors of the distal stomach and low-grade MALT lymphomas. On the contrary more and more data suggest a possible protective role of the infection in the gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, tumors of the cardia and adenocarcinoma of the distal oesophagus. The intensive research being done in the past few years prove our previous concept, that the pathogenesis of gastric cancer is a multifactorial process, which is affected by Helicobacter pylori ("a major environmental factor") together with distinct environmental, social and genetic factors. The interaction of these factors and the importance of them urge further investigations, which may differ in different populations.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - nov. 7 1999|
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