Ground and excited state dynamics of new dinuclear ruthenium complexes: NMR, UV-Vis, IR, electrochemical, photophysical characterization, and theoretical study of Ru(bpy) 2(μ-dpp)Ru(CN-X) 4 n+ complexes

Margit Kovács, Gábor Szalontai, György Lendvay, Günter Grampp, Attila Horváth

Research output: Article


Two novel binuclear complexes of ruthenium(II) have been synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic (NMR, IR, UV-Vis absorption and emission) and electrochemical methods. Extensive and detailed NMR studies of [(bpy) 2Ru(μ-dpp)Ru(CN) 4] 1 and [(bpy) 2Ru(μ-dpp) Ru(CNCH 3) 4] 4+ 2 complexes have revealed a dynamic equilibrium between the stereo isomers of the ground-state complexes. Small energy difference between the two isomers of 1 has been estimated using NMR data (2.7 kJ mol -1) and by quantum chemistry calculations (4.7 kJ mol -1). The relatively broad lowest energy absorption band appearing in the visible range is assigned as overlapping metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) dπ(Ru) A → π*(μ-dpp) (MLCT 1A) and dπ(Ru) B → π*(μ-dpp) (MLCT 1B) transitions. The MLCT bands of complex 1 are solvatochromic (e.g. the lowest energy MLCT 1 band shifts from 506 to 540 nm upon changing the solvent from water to MeOH), while the same band of the complex 2 is not sensitive to the solvent nature. The luminescence properties of the excited 1 and 2 complexes are significantly different: (i) a rather small blue shift of the emission band (623 cm -1) is observed when the luminescence of complex 1 is detected at 77 K in rigid matrix instead of at ambient temperature in liquid phase. This blue shift is considerably larger (1923 cm -1) in the case of complex 2. (ii) Time resolved luminescence studies have revealed that the 3MLCT 1A and 3MLCT 1B excited states of complex 1 decay independently. On the other hand a dynamic equilibration occurs between two triplet excited states of complex 2. A slight interaction between the metal centers of complex 1 has been assumed by considering the electrochemical data, while a stronger coupling of the ruthenium atoms in complex 2 has been concluded by comparison of the oxidation potentials of the complex 2 with that of other binuclear ruthenium complexes of the metal centers possessing different chemical environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - máj. 30 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this