GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy

Jochen Greiner, Karl Mannheim, Felix Aharonian, Marco Ajello, L. Balázs, Guido Barbiellini, Ronaldo Bellazzini, Shawn Bishop, Gennady S. Bisnovatij-Kogan, Steven Boggs, Andrej Bykov, Guido DiCocco, Roland Diehl, Dominik Elsässer, Suzanne Foley, Claes Fransson, Neil Gehrels, Lorraine Hanlon, Dieter Hartmann, Wim Hermsen & 48 others Wolfgang Hillebrandt, Rene Hudec, Anatoli Iyudin, Jordi Jose, Matthias Kadler, Gottfried Kanbach, Wlodek Klamra, Jürgen Kiener, Sylvio Klose, Ingo Kreykenbohm, Lucien M. Kuiper, Nikos Kylafis, Claudio Labanti, Karlheinz Langanke, Norbert Langer, Stefan Larsson, Bruno Leibundgut, Uwe Laux, Francesco Longo, Kei'ichi Maeda, Radoslaw Marcinkowski, Martino Marisaldi, Brian McBreen, Sheila McBreen, Attila Meszaros, Ken'ichi Nomoto, Mark Pearce, Asaf Peer, Elena Pian, Nikolas Prantzos, Georg Raffelt, Olaf Reimer, Wolfgang Rhode, Felix Ryde, Christian Schmidt, Joe Silk, Boris M. Shustov, Andrew Strong, Nial Tanvir, Friedrich Karl Thielemann, Omar Tibolla, David Tierney, Joachim Trümper, Dmitry A. Varshalovich, Jörn Wilms, Grzegorz Wrochna, Andrzej Zdziarski, Andreas Zoglauer

Research output: Article

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose to perform a continuously scanning all-sky survey from 200 keV to 80 MeV achieving a sensitivity which is better by a factor of 40 or more compared to the previous missions in this energy range (COMPTEL, INTEGRAL; see Fig. 1). These gamma-ray observations will be complemented by observations in the soft X-ray and (near-)infrared region with the corresponding telescopes placed on a separate satellite. The Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy ("GRIPS") mission with its three instruments Gamma-Ray Monitor (GRM), X-Ray Monitor (XRM) and InfraRed Telescope (IRT) addresses fundamental questions in ESA's Cosmic Vision plan. Among the major themes of the strategic plan, GRIPS has its focus on the evolving, violent Universe, exploring a unique energy window. We propose to investigate γ-ray bursts and blazars, the mechanisms behind supernova explosions, nucleosynthesis and spallation, the enigmatic origin of positrons in our Galaxy, and the nature of radiation processes and particle acceleration in extreme cosmic sources including pulsars and magnetars. The natural energy scale for these non-thermal processes is of the order of MeV. Although they can be partially and indirectly studied using other methods, only the proposed GRIPS measurements will provide direct access to their primary photons. GRIPS will be a driver for the study of transient sources in the era of neutrino and gravitational wave observatories such as IceCUBE and LISA, establishing a new type of diagnostics in relativistic and nuclear astrophysics. This will support extrapolations to investigate star formation, galaxy evolution, and black hole formation at high redshifts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-582
Number of pages32
JournalExperimental Astronomy
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - okt. 2012

Fingerprint

polarimetry
spectroscopy
gamma rays
monitors
galaxies
energy
nuclear astrophysics
magnetars
infrared telescopes
LISA (observatory)
blazars
particle acceleration
astrophysics
spallation
European Space Agency
nuclear fusion
pulsars
gravitational waves
supernovae
explosions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Greiner, J., Mannheim, K., Aharonian, F., Ajello, M., Balázs, L., Barbiellini, G., ... Zoglauer, A. (2012). GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy. Experimental Astronomy, 34(2), 551-582. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-011-9255-0

GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy. / Greiner, Jochen; Mannheim, Karl; Aharonian, Felix; Ajello, Marco; Balázs, L.; Barbiellini, Guido; Bellazzini, Ronaldo; Bishop, Shawn; Bisnovatij-Kogan, Gennady S.; Boggs, Steven; Bykov, Andrej; DiCocco, Guido; Diehl, Roland; Elsässer, Dominik; Foley, Suzanne; Fransson, Claes; Gehrels, Neil; Hanlon, Lorraine; Hartmann, Dieter; Hermsen, Wim; Hillebrandt, Wolfgang; Hudec, Rene; Iyudin, Anatoli; Jose, Jordi; Kadler, Matthias; Kanbach, Gottfried; Klamra, Wlodek; Kiener, Jürgen; Klose, Sylvio; Kreykenbohm, Ingo; Kuiper, Lucien M.; Kylafis, Nikos; Labanti, Claudio; Langanke, Karlheinz; Langer, Norbert; Larsson, Stefan; Leibundgut, Bruno; Laux, Uwe; Longo, Francesco; Maeda, Kei'ichi; Marcinkowski, Radoslaw; Marisaldi, Martino; McBreen, Brian; McBreen, Sheila; Meszaros, Attila; Nomoto, Ken'ichi; Pearce, Mark; Peer, Asaf; Pian, Elena; Prantzos, Nikolas; Raffelt, Georg; Reimer, Olaf; Rhode, Wolfgang; Ryde, Felix; Schmidt, Christian; Silk, Joe; Shustov, Boris M.; Strong, Andrew; Tanvir, Nial; Thielemann, Friedrich Karl; Tibolla, Omar; Tierney, David; Trümper, Joachim; Varshalovich, Dmitry A.; Wilms, Jörn; Wrochna, Grzegorz; Zdziarski, Andrzej; Zoglauer, Andreas.

In: Experimental Astronomy, Vol. 34, No. 2, 10.2012, p. 551-582.

Research output: Article

Greiner, J, Mannheim, K, Aharonian, F, Ajello, M, Balázs, L, Barbiellini, G, Bellazzini, R, Bishop, S, Bisnovatij-Kogan, GS, Boggs, S, Bykov, A, DiCocco, G, Diehl, R, Elsässer, D, Foley, S, Fransson, C, Gehrels, N, Hanlon, L, Hartmann, D, Hermsen, W, Hillebrandt, W, Hudec, R, Iyudin, A, Jose, J, Kadler, M, Kanbach, G, Klamra, W, Kiener, J, Klose, S, Kreykenbohm, I, Kuiper, LM, Kylafis, N, Labanti, C, Langanke, K, Langer, N, Larsson, S, Leibundgut, B, Laux, U, Longo, F, Maeda, K, Marcinkowski, R, Marisaldi, M, McBreen, B, McBreen, S, Meszaros, A, Nomoto, K, Pearce, M, Peer, A, Pian, E, Prantzos, N, Raffelt, G, Reimer, O, Rhode, W, Ryde, F, Schmidt, C, Silk, J, Shustov, BM, Strong, A, Tanvir, N, Thielemann, FK, Tibolla, O, Tierney, D, Trümper, J, Varshalovich, DA, Wilms, J, Wrochna, G, Zdziarski, A & Zoglauer, A 2012, 'GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy', Experimental Astronomy, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 551-582. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-011-9255-0
Greiner J, Mannheim K, Aharonian F, Ajello M, Balázs L, Barbiellini G et al. GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy. Experimental Astronomy. 2012 okt.;34(2):551-582. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-011-9255-0
Greiner, Jochen ; Mannheim, Karl ; Aharonian, Felix ; Ajello, Marco ; Balázs, L. ; Barbiellini, Guido ; Bellazzini, Ronaldo ; Bishop, Shawn ; Bisnovatij-Kogan, Gennady S. ; Boggs, Steven ; Bykov, Andrej ; DiCocco, Guido ; Diehl, Roland ; Elsässer, Dominik ; Foley, Suzanne ; Fransson, Claes ; Gehrels, Neil ; Hanlon, Lorraine ; Hartmann, Dieter ; Hermsen, Wim ; Hillebrandt, Wolfgang ; Hudec, Rene ; Iyudin, Anatoli ; Jose, Jordi ; Kadler, Matthias ; Kanbach, Gottfried ; Klamra, Wlodek ; Kiener, Jürgen ; Klose, Sylvio ; Kreykenbohm, Ingo ; Kuiper, Lucien M. ; Kylafis, Nikos ; Labanti, Claudio ; Langanke, Karlheinz ; Langer, Norbert ; Larsson, Stefan ; Leibundgut, Bruno ; Laux, Uwe ; Longo, Francesco ; Maeda, Kei'ichi ; Marcinkowski, Radoslaw ; Marisaldi, Martino ; McBreen, Brian ; McBreen, Sheila ; Meszaros, Attila ; Nomoto, Ken'ichi ; Pearce, Mark ; Peer, Asaf ; Pian, Elena ; Prantzos, Nikolas ; Raffelt, Georg ; Reimer, Olaf ; Rhode, Wolfgang ; Ryde, Felix ; Schmidt, Christian ; Silk, Joe ; Shustov, Boris M. ; Strong, Andrew ; Tanvir, Nial ; Thielemann, Friedrich Karl ; Tibolla, Omar ; Tierney, David ; Trümper, Joachim ; Varshalovich, Dmitry A. ; Wilms, Jörn ; Wrochna, Grzegorz ; Zdziarski, Andrzej ; Zoglauer, Andreas. / GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy. In: Experimental Astronomy. 2012 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 551-582.
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T1 - GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy

AU - Greiner, Jochen

AU - Mannheim, Karl

AU - Aharonian, Felix

AU - Ajello, Marco

AU - Balázs, L.

AU - Barbiellini, Guido

AU - Bellazzini, Ronaldo

AU - Bishop, Shawn

AU - Bisnovatij-Kogan, Gennady S.

AU - Boggs, Steven

AU - Bykov, Andrej

AU - DiCocco, Guido

AU - Diehl, Roland

AU - Elsässer, Dominik

AU - Foley, Suzanne

AU - Fransson, Claes

AU - Gehrels, Neil

AU - Hanlon, Lorraine

AU - Hartmann, Dieter

AU - Hermsen, Wim

AU - Hillebrandt, Wolfgang

AU - Hudec, Rene

AU - Iyudin, Anatoli

AU - Jose, Jordi

AU - Kadler, Matthias

AU - Kanbach, Gottfried

AU - Klamra, Wlodek

AU - Kiener, Jürgen

AU - Klose, Sylvio

AU - Kreykenbohm, Ingo

AU - Kuiper, Lucien M.

AU - Kylafis, Nikos

AU - Labanti, Claudio

AU - Langanke, Karlheinz

AU - Langer, Norbert

AU - Larsson, Stefan

AU - Leibundgut, Bruno

AU - Laux, Uwe

AU - Longo, Francesco

AU - Maeda, Kei'ichi

AU - Marcinkowski, Radoslaw

AU - Marisaldi, Martino

AU - McBreen, Brian

AU - McBreen, Sheila

AU - Meszaros, Attila

AU - Nomoto, Ken'ichi

AU - Pearce, Mark

AU - Peer, Asaf

AU - Pian, Elena

AU - Prantzos, Nikolas

AU - Raffelt, Georg

AU - Reimer, Olaf

AU - Rhode, Wolfgang

AU - Ryde, Felix

AU - Schmidt, Christian

AU - Silk, Joe

AU - Shustov, Boris M.

AU - Strong, Andrew

AU - Tanvir, Nial

AU - Thielemann, Friedrich Karl

AU - Tibolla, Omar

AU - Tierney, David

AU - Trümper, Joachim

AU - Varshalovich, Dmitry A.

AU - Wilms, Jörn

AU - Wrochna, Grzegorz

AU - Zdziarski, Andrzej

AU - Zoglauer, Andreas

PY - 2012/10

Y1 - 2012/10

N2 - We propose to perform a continuously scanning all-sky survey from 200 keV to 80 MeV achieving a sensitivity which is better by a factor of 40 or more compared to the previous missions in this energy range (COMPTEL, INTEGRAL; see Fig. 1). These gamma-ray observations will be complemented by observations in the soft X-ray and (near-)infrared region with the corresponding telescopes placed on a separate satellite. The Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy ("GRIPS") mission with its three instruments Gamma-Ray Monitor (GRM), X-Ray Monitor (XRM) and InfraRed Telescope (IRT) addresses fundamental questions in ESA's Cosmic Vision plan. Among the major themes of the strategic plan, GRIPS has its focus on the evolving, violent Universe, exploring a unique energy window. We propose to investigate γ-ray bursts and blazars, the mechanisms behind supernova explosions, nucleosynthesis and spallation, the enigmatic origin of positrons in our Galaxy, and the nature of radiation processes and particle acceleration in extreme cosmic sources including pulsars and magnetars. The natural energy scale for these non-thermal processes is of the order of MeV. Although they can be partially and indirectly studied using other methods, only the proposed GRIPS measurements will provide direct access to their primary photons. GRIPS will be a driver for the study of transient sources in the era of neutrino and gravitational wave observatories such as IceCUBE and LISA, establishing a new type of diagnostics in relativistic and nuclear astrophysics. This will support extrapolations to investigate star formation, galaxy evolution, and black hole formation at high redshifts.

AB - We propose to perform a continuously scanning all-sky survey from 200 keV to 80 MeV achieving a sensitivity which is better by a factor of 40 or more compared to the previous missions in this energy range (COMPTEL, INTEGRAL; see Fig. 1). These gamma-ray observations will be complemented by observations in the soft X-ray and (near-)infrared region with the corresponding telescopes placed on a separate satellite. The Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy ("GRIPS") mission with its three instruments Gamma-Ray Monitor (GRM), X-Ray Monitor (XRM) and InfraRed Telescope (IRT) addresses fundamental questions in ESA's Cosmic Vision plan. Among the major themes of the strategic plan, GRIPS has its focus on the evolving, violent Universe, exploring a unique energy window. We propose to investigate γ-ray bursts and blazars, the mechanisms behind supernova explosions, nucleosynthesis and spallation, the enigmatic origin of positrons in our Galaxy, and the nature of radiation processes and particle acceleration in extreme cosmic sources including pulsars and magnetars. The natural energy scale for these non-thermal processes is of the order of MeV. Although they can be partially and indirectly studied using other methods, only the proposed GRIPS measurements will provide direct access to their primary photons. GRIPS will be a driver for the study of transient sources in the era of neutrino and gravitational wave observatories such as IceCUBE and LISA, establishing a new type of diagnostics in relativistic and nuclear astrophysics. This will support extrapolations to investigate star formation, galaxy evolution, and black hole formation at high redshifts.

KW - Compton and Pair creation telescope

KW - Early Universe

KW - Gamma-ray bursts

KW - Nucleosynthesis

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