Giant unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm successfully managed with valve-sparing procedure - A case report

Miklós Pólos, Cristina Maria Sulea, Kálmán Benke, Bence Ágg, Attila Kovács, István Hartyánszky, Béla Merkely, Hans Joachim Schäfers, Zoltán Szabolcs

Research output: Article

Abstract

Background: Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is an uncommon cardiac anomaly, with an incidence of less than 1% of open heart surgery cases. Its evolution is most frequently silent, being found incidentally or discovered in the event of its acute rupture. Non-ruptured giant SVAs may cause unusual clinical manifestations, as a consequence of their protrusion into the heart chambers or compression of the coronary vessels and are frequently associated with aortic insufficiency of various degrees of severity. The gold standard treatment for SVAs consists of complete replacement of the aortic root and valve. However, in certain cases, valve-sparing procedures may prove to be a more suitable alternative. Case presentation: A 68-year-old male patient presented with dyspnea as symptom caused by a large (> 5 cm) right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm. The aneurysm was occupying most of the right ventricle and was associated with severe aortic regurgitation. The surgical treatment of the condition involved valve-sparing root reconstruction procedure (remodeling technique), completed with external stabilization of the aortic valve annulus via running suture annuloplasty. Following the uneventful intervention, the patient did well and his status improved. The follow-up transthoracic echocardiography obtained 1 month after surgery showed a fully competent aortic valve with no regurgitation. Conclusions: Despite complete aortic root and valve replacement being considered the safest approach to large SVAs complicated with aortic insufficiency, valve-sparing procedures should not be overlooked in case of a dilated aortic root with uncalcified aortic valve. Performing valve-sparing by applying a remodeling technique operation completed with annuloplasty reduces aortic valve insufficiency, avoiding side-effects related to implanted valves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6
JournalJournal of cardiothoracic surgery
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - jan. 8 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Pólos, M., Sulea, C. M., Benke, K., Ágg, B., Kovács, A., Hartyánszky, I., Merkely, B., Schäfers, H. J., & Szabolcs, Z. (2020). Giant unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm successfully managed with valve-sparing procedure - A case report. Journal of cardiothoracic surgery, 15(1), [6]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13019-020-1061-1