A reliable and efficient method based on a geometrical optical approach is presented to model the propagation of ultrashort pulses in optical systems. It is shown that the commonly used method to determine the group delay of the spectral components of a pulse from their geometrical optical path lengths is only correct for aberration-free optical systems. In the case of systems with angular dispersion and imaging errors, a correction to the path values obtained from ray-tracing calculations must be applied, since for specific systems neglect of the correction causes significant errors. A technique for performing this correction is presented. Two optical arrangements used for the generation and detection of tunable THz radiation by the femtosecond tilted-pulse-front excitation technique are analyzed to demonstrate the indispensability of the correction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)